Elon Musk was born in South Africa, in 1971. His father was an engineer and his mother a nutritionist. An avid fan of computers, by the age of twelve Musk had written the code for his own video game, a space game called Blastar, which the preteen sold for a profit.
He attended Queen’s University in Canada,and transferred（转到）to the University of Pennsylvania,where he earned two bachelor’s degrees,economics and physics.He was admitted to Stanford University in
California,intending to earn a PHD in energy physics.
First Company – Zip2 Corporation:
In 1995, at the age of twenty-four, Elon Musk dropped out of Stanford University after just two days of classes to start his first company called Zip2 Corporation. Zip2 Corporation was an online city guide that provided content for the new online versions of the New York Times and the Chicago Tribune newspapers. Musk struggled to keep his new business afloat, eventually selling majority control of Zip2.
Online Banking: In 1999, Elon Musk started X.com with $10 million dollars from the sale of Zip2. X.com was an online bank, and Elon Musk is credited with inventing a method of securely transferring money using a recipient’s e-mail address. Paypal:
In 2000, X.com bought a company called Confinity, which had started an Internet money-transfer process called PayPal. Elon Musk renamed X.com/Confinity Paypal and dropped the company’s online banking focus to concentrate on becoming a global payment transfer provider.In 2002, eBay bought Paypal for $1.5 billion. Space Exploration Technologies:
In 2002, Elon Musk started SpaceX aka the Space Exploration Technologies. Elon Musk is a long-standing member of the Mars Society, a nonprofit organization that supports the exploration of Mars, and Musk is interested in establishing a greenhouse on Mars. SpaceX has been developing rocket technology to enable Musk’s project. Tesla Motors:
In 2004, Elon Musk cofounded Tesla Motors, of which he is the sole product architect. Tesla Motors builds electric vehicles. The company has built an electric sports car, the Tesla Roadster.
In 2006, Elon Musk co-founded SolarCity, a photovoltaics products and services company with his cousin Lyndon Rive.
( )21. What was Elon Musk gifted in when he was young?
A.Economics B. Physics C. Energy D. Coding
( )22.Which of the following provides international payment transfer service?
A.X.com B.Confinity C.Paypal D.eBay
( )23.What has SpaceX been doing to help achieve Musk’s project?
A.Sponsoring the Mars Society B.Developing rocket technology
C.Building a greenhouse on Mars D.Supporting the exploration of Mars.
( )24.What is Tesla Motors noted for?
A. Its electric vehicles B.Its photovoltaic products
C. It’s service as a city tourist guide D. Its business with other companies
President Theodore Roosevelt’s letter to his son
I was glad to hear that you were to be confirmed.
Secretary Root left on Monday and Government Taft took his place.I have missed,and shall miss,Root badly.He has been the ablest,most generous and most disinterested friend and abvisor that any President could hope to have;and immediately after leaving,he provided a great service by a speech at the Union League Club.in which he
said in most effective fashion the very things I should have killed him so say;and his words,moreover,carried weight when addressing such an audience.Taft is a splendid fellow and will be an aid and comfort in every way.But,as mother says,he is too much like me to be able to give me as good advice as Mr.Root because of the very differences of character between us.
If after fully thinking the matter over,you remain firmly convinced that you want to go into the army,well and good.I shall be rather sorry for your decision,because I have great confidence in you and I believe that in civil life you could probably win in the end a greater prize than if you go into the army—though,of course,a man can do well in the army.I know perfectly well that you will have times in civil life.Probably most young fellows when they have graduated from college,feel pretty depressed for the first few years.In ordinary cases,it at first seems as if their efforts were not leading anywhere,as if the pressure around the foot of the ladder was too great to permit getting up to the top.But I have faith in your ability and your power to force yourself to the front when you have once found out and taken your line.However,you and I and mother will talk the whole matter over when you come back here on Easter.
( )25.What mainly contributes to Mr.Root’s being a good advisor according to the President?
A. His great generosity B. His effective speech
C. Their differences in character. D. Their similarities in character.
( )26.What did the President wish Ted to do?
A. Lead a civil life B. Do well in the army
C. Force himself to the front D. Take post-graduate courses
( )27.What did the President say about most young people starting their life after graduation?
A. They would make no efforts. B. They would have a hard life
C.They would look for a ladder D. They would have no confidence
Trailers（预告片）shouldn’t really be a hard thing to do:show some footage（镜头），get people excited,but don’t give too much away.It’s a practice that some movies struggle to do,with mangy either getting too enthusiastic about showing their big plot points,and others simply not catching the magic of the movie.Considering that humans struggle with this practice so much,the folks over the 20th Century Fox decided to see what a computer could do,tasking IBM’s Watson,the supercomputer,with cutting together footage from upcoming Sci-Fi thriller,Morgan,to create the final trailer.（IBM Watson has done many things;beat human competitors in quiz shows,created reserved recipes and described the contents of photo,Now it has become the first-ever AI to produce a film trailer for the new sci -fi film）.The result was actually surprisingly good.
Using Watson’s experimental learning techniques,IBM’s cutting edge AI sorted out hundreds of classic thriller trailers to learn what exactly gets an audience to that special place of being both scared and entertained.With that knowledge firmly in place.Watson processed the entire Morgan movie,selecting the 10 most thrilling and frightening moments to cut together into a trailer.
“Watson was able to model the scenes visually in order to determine:was a scene scary?Was it a tender moment?Was there sadness,or happiness?”said IBM’s John Smith. the process down to only 24 hours when it typically takes around 10 to 30 days to complete a trailer. Still, it’s a great impressive achievement, which he likes of Terminator: Genisys could perhaps learn from in the future.
( )28. What does the author think is amazing according to the text?
A. Human editors taking 30 days to make a trailer B. The 20th Century Fox having produced a thriller.
C. IBM’s Watson having created a trailer for a thriller. D. Humans being able to learn from machines in the future
( )29.What did IBM researchers do before Watson cut together footage from the movie, Morgan?
A. Teach him to beat chess competitors. B. Feed him over 100 horror trailers.
C. Create reserved recipes. D. Talk about photos.
( )30.What does the underlined word “coherent” in the last paragraph probably mean?
A. Exciting B. Reliable C. Consistent. D. Exact
( )31.What can we guess is the most difficult to Watson AI?
B. How Watson appreciates the story
D. How Watson decides the feelings
Crying is the sign of the rawest of human emotions. We cry when we can’t hold inside what we feel any more. We cry when we’re at our best, and when we’re at our worst. By we, I mean all of us. Men included.
But we never see other men cry. In no western culture has it ever been acceptable for men to shed(流泪）more than a single tear, and even then it’s reserved for grand victories, defeats and deaths. Dutch research suggests that women cry between three and five times more than men. Generally men and women cry over the same things 一 deaths, break-ups and homesickness, primarily, but researchers believe that men cry more often than women when it comes to positive events.
I want to admit，I'm a bit of a cryer. However ,having never really experienced deaths in my life, a few weeks ago I experienced what it means to really, truly, pour my heart out in tears.
See, my dog 一 and 24/7 companion 一 was killed by a car right outside my house. Being a witness to this painful event left me in shock for a good hour, but then the floodgates opened. Over the next 48 hours, I might have cried 20 times. Once or twice I crouched(蹲) on the floor with my head in my hands and tears were the only outlet.
It is suggested in the book Adult Crying : A Biopsychosocial Approach that there’s a certain pleasure in crying. It helps ease stress when there is no other way to express ourselves.
In those days after my dog's death，I remember thinking，“ I’ve got to stop this crying”. It felt unmanly. It felt like a sign of weakness. I've since realized that tears are for everybody ; they're not gender-specific. They show we have sympathy, allow us to get rid of stress and just feel.
( )32. What does the first paragraph mainly talk about?
A. Crying is a raw human emotion. B. Crying is an emotion beyond control.
C. Crying is an emotion showing sadness. D. Crying is an emotion showing happiness.
( )33. What's the difference between men and women in crying according to Dutch research?
A. They cry over different matters. B.They cry at different times of life.
C. Women cry more often over deaths. D. Men are more likely to have tears of joy.
( )34. What did the author think of his crying over his dog’s death?
A. A sign of strength. B.A sign of weakness.
C. Behavior of being womanish. D.A way of reducing emotional stress.
( )35. What’s the best title for the text?
A. Men, never cry like women B. Men, it’s OK to cry sometimes
C. Crying solves psychological problems D. Crying explains differences between men and women 七选五
How to run international meetings
As more of us do business across cultures, it，s best to prepare ahead of time before heading to the meeting table. Here are four rules for different countries.
Stick to the schedule
Where：Germany, Austria, Japan
We’ve all been to meetings that have a loose agenda, if any at all. They don’t start on time and they seem to Japanese are more likely to create a detailed agenda and pass out supporting documents several days before a that run long in Germany are often taken to mean that the parties are not communicating efficiently.
Where： China, Malaysia, Singapore
Debating a topic can go against the traditional Chinese concept of “ saving face ” , which means avoiding any mistakes or actions that could bring embarrassment. Laughing at even an obviously amusing answer or pointing out a potential mistake can spoil the entire meeting.
Enjoy the interruptions A. How long the trailer should be C. How many scenes a trailer needs
Where： Italy, France, Spain
When Pascal Sobol meets with clients in Italy or Spain, he's no longer offended if they leave early or arrive late. Rather than attend the entire three-hour meeting，he has learned that his colleagues there — and in some parts of France 一 attend based on their own timetable.
Rather than expecting people to sit through his entire presentation, he makes it easier for them to turn up as needed.
Please, no small talk.
Where ：Finland, Sweden
In places like Finland and Sweden, where non-meeting related discussions like chat about the weather can be regarded as a way to be off a formally-set agenda and as a waste of other people's time.
In some countries, including Finland, there are long pauses in the conversation. These breaks are used as a way to process what the other person is saying without interrupting.
A. Not so in these countries.
B .Germans and Australians are similar.
C. Don't even think about a brainstorm.
D .There’s often no way to tell how things are going.
E .Don’t try to fill them, though, with small talk or anything else.
F .What do the long silences, idle chitchat and serious faces really mean in context?
G. For school ,that means changing his own German-based expectations of client behavior.
“God, give us thankful hearts for these and for all our many blessings.” That was the my father, an East Texas Texas farmer, said over every meal.
Pa passed away long ago, but I try to his example every day. The year we spent Thanksgiving at our home on Lake Tawakoni was such a . I was preparing a dinner party for the day. I opened the oven, put in and tried to turn on the old oven. It took just a few minutes for me to that the heating had failed. I only had a few hours family members and special friends were going to arrive with side dishes, so I called my neighbor Lois and explained my problem.
Lois just and said: “Honey, you bring that turkey to my house. We’ll have it cooking in no time.”
With a sigh of ,I put the roasting pan into the car and across the road. Lois babysat the big bird while I returned to the lake house and a festive table. While the turkey was cooked in her oven, I gave special for kind neighbors. Our family arrive. We before our meal, stood in a and prayed. Some people mentioned things for which they were thankful and others stood in silence. The tissue box made its way around the circle as some of us began to ---a sign of joy rather than sorrow.
When the last of the food was off the table, I took a deep breath. A Thanksgiving prayer is easy for me when things are going well , but something it extra courage to give thanks when I am sad or when something unforeseen my Plans--even a broken oven.
The I stopped to Pa and the many times I heard him say, “God, give us thankful hearts for these and for all our many blessings.” I want that to be my prayer, too.
( )41. A. complaint B. wish C. prayer D. dream
( )42. A. follow B. copy C. set D. contain
( )43. A. dinner B. party C. process D. times
( )44. A.meal B. turkey C. roast D. beef
( )45. A. realize B. predict C. admit D. assume
( )46. A. until B. before C. since D. after
( )47. A. laughed B. yelled C. screamed D. nodded
( )48. A. belief B. surprise C. relief D. doubt
( )49. A. walked B. moved C. toured D. drove
( )50. A. painted B. bought C. prepared D. borrowed
( )51. A. tasks B. dishes C. prize D. thanks
( )52. A. paused B. discussed C. hesitated D. quarreled
( )53. A. line B. circle C. row D. room
( )54. A. hardly B. seriously C. particularly D. casually
( )55. A. joyful B. careful C. respectful D. sorrowful
( )56. A. cry B. smile C. cheer D. sing
( )57. A. knocked B. dropped C. kicked D. swept
( )58. A. needs B. takes C. wants D. loses
( )59. A. monitors B. ruins C. adjusts to D. keeps to
( )60. A. call up B. turn to C. bring back D. reflect on
Sending gift varies greatly from country to country. In Australia, Canada, the United States European countries, sending gifts is rarely expected. While seen as a nice gesture, it is more important to avoid (give) highly personal gifts such as clothing. When visiting the home of a colleague from one of these (country) , it is normally appropriate to bring a gift to the hostess.
In America, （expense）gifts are definitely out. A good （choose）is to take the deserving person to dinner, or to entertainment or a sporting event. the contrary, gift giving is traditional custom in Japan. In Japan the proper gift is thought （express）the giver’s true friendship, gratitude and respect far （well）than words can. So if you plan to visit Japan or to have any Japanese visit you here, be prepared.
Australia is known for his friendliness and informality. So modest gifts, such as a diary, a paperweight, or a coffee cup might （present）to a friend. At a trade show, T-shirts, ties, baseball caps, or a pin may be appropriate souvenirs. Anything more than these types of gifts could cause embarrassment.
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（Λ）， 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2. 只允许修改10处， 多者（从第11处起）不计分。
How time flies! I Had hardly had time to enjoy the warmth of my home while it's time go back to school. This winter I spend ten days studying maths, chemistry and physics, none of which was easily for me.
And I still had some fun during the Spring Festival. I had attended my uncle's wedding and my new aunt was very beautiful. To my disappoint, I didn't get many lucky money as I had expected. I also went to the cinema with several classmates. We played jokes on each other and had a big meal in a restaurant calling “Red Lobster”. The food there was very delicious and we all really enjoyed myself.
Dear Sir or Madam,
从A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. She decided to do something about it, and made a_____effort to find new ones；she joined an international women’s service club and made new contacts that way.
A. pessimistic B. generous C. heroic D. deliberate
22. A customer can also use his Saver Plus Card at any of our______network of Self-Service cash machines to sweep money from his Current Account at home.
A. logical B. nationwide C. sensitive D. intelligent
23. By simplifying your life in this way, you create time for your happiness, and you reduce the stress and _____ in your life.
A. chances B. depressions C. desires D. wages
24. The important_____is not between manufacturing and services, but between productive and unproductive jobs.
A. demand B. decision C. distinction D. destination
25. You should focus on how to_____time,because you can get more of almost any resource except time.
A. treasure B. distribute C. associate D. occupy
26. If you get angry about it, then_____ the companies that produce and market the products. Complain when the ads are shown.
A. destroy B. visit C. boycott D. dislike
27. Surround yourself with people who love and respect you. Choose to be with the people who _____ the best in you.
A. bring up B. bring in C. bring back D. bring out
28. When you get back to work, remind yourself what you want to be working on, and _____ all disturbances.
A. pick up B. take away C. use up D. clear away
29. China is the world’s most populous country with a population of 1. 3 billion, which makes up____one fifth of the world population,
A. luckily B. approximately C. equally D. gradually
30. Witness Charlie Camp saw two teenage boys getting swept away by the current, and their parents trying _____ to help them.
A. in vain B. in turn C. in case D. in particular
No one saw the superhero in Jim O’Connor, a 70-year-old maths teacher.
In his classes at St. Francis High School, he is — no excuses, no spoiling. “ If you glance at the clock, ” said senior Michael Tinglof ,“ you’re on his awful for punishment. ” Every student supposes he’s being mean. Michael and Pat might never have found out how they really knew about their teacher if they hadn’t registered this year to donors for a school blood donation . One afternoon, the boys took a field trip to see what the donated blood would be used for. In the hallways of Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, they were like VIPs because they were associated with one. They discovered one when they went to the hospital’s Blood Donor Center, which has a plaque(牌匾) ranking the top donors. O’Connor’s name is in the top spot, 50 gallons — though that total is .
Since he first gave blood at Children’s Hospital in 1989, at the of a friend’s wife who was a nurse there, O’Connor has donated more than 72 gallons of blood. Before O’Connor ever set foot in Children’s, he had given blood regularly at Red Cross activities, never knowing where his donations would . But when he took a of the hospital wards (病房), what had been an idea turned personal.
It didn’t take long for him to ask what more he could do to — babies
whose parents were working or at home taking care of other children and babies whose parents could not visit abuse was suspected.
Now, the nurses say, he is the one they in the toughest moments. They have called him in to sit with the dying babies whose parents are too saddened to be . No matter how sick they are, no matter how painful, he’s just so ; he brings such a warmth and peace.
31. A. mild B. severe C. gentle D. casual
32. A. book B. board C. list D. mind
33. A. probably B. rarely C. occasionally D. really
34. A. little B. often C. much D. long
35. A. interview B. select C. assist D. investigate
36. A. project B. campaign C. target D. competition
37. A. greeted B. entertained C. rewarded D. praised
38. A. mistake B. solution C. prejudice D. reason
39. A. painted B. signed C. carved D. quoted
40. A. out of date B. out of sight C. out of question D. out of order
41. A. invitation B. approach C. urging D. mercy
42. A. go B. run C. drop D. flow
43. A. priority B. tour C. photo D. chance
44. A. splendid B. original C. ridiculous D. abstract
45. A. change B. feed C. protest D. help
46. A. arms B. fingers C. wrists D. hands
47. A. when B. because C. if D. though
48. A. stick to B. attend to C. belong to D. turn to
49. A. capable B. sympathetic C. present D. tense
50. A. considerate B. efficient C. caring D. sensitive
Justin and Brandy Besemer were newly married and trying to pay off their wedding debt when they decided their family needed a dog — an American Bulldog named Kaila. Thus started one of their first arguments. Brandy, who had never raised a dog before, wanted to spend a little over $ 300 a year buying pet insurance. Justin, who had always kept dogs, thought it was a waste of money.
“His parents told me this horror story that made me insist we get it, ” explained Brandy, 28. “They were talking about their dog having to have a knee replaced and it cost them like $ 2,000. We couldn’t afford that. I just didn’t want to get a dog if I couldn’t afford to take care of it. ”
When Kaila chewed up a string of Christmas lights a few months later, landing the dog in an emergency veterinary center, the Santa Monica couple was relieved that Brandy had gained the upper hand. When they found that the dog had infections and food allergies, they realized that without the insurance they wouldn’t have been able to afford treatment for Kaila.
“We joke that she’s our little lemon, ” Brandy said. “This is the longest we’ve gone without having to take her to the vet, and it’s been maybe three weeks.”
Although the Besemers are delighted that they spent the money buying pet insurance,plenty of experts agree with Justin’s first assessment: It’s a waste of money. If the couple had a different policy or a different temper, it might be. However, as is true with many personal finance decisions, the smart choice on pet insurance is a personal one.
In general, experts claim that it’s wasteful to insure against risks that are not catastrophic. It doesn’t make sense, for example, to buy pet insurance to pay for routine medical issues such as injections and checkups. That’s because you’ll pay roughly as much for the coverage as the treatment. Whether it makes sense to buy a policy for major medical bills relies on two things: emotion and finances.
If you would be emotionally ruined to lose a pet simply because you couldn’t afford to treat it — and a $ 5 ,000 vet bill would be more than your budget could take — you might want to consider a policy. But if you have the resources to
pay for emergency vet care — or wouldn’t be saddened to lose a pet if you didn’t — you could skip pet insurance.
51. What did Justin and Brandy Besemer argue about?
A. The way of setting aside money. B. The possibility of adopting a dog.
C. The necessity of buying pet insurance. D. The burden of paying off their debt.
52. According to the passage, who valued Brandy’s choice on pet insurance?
A. The vet. B. The experts. C. Justin’s parents. D. Brandy’s mother.
53. According to the passage, experts argue that pets ____.
A. are unlikely to suffer serious diseases B. might have a temper similar to their owners
C. will waste their owners’ large sums of money D. impose a negative effect on their owners’ emotion
54. According to the passage, what decides whether to buy pet insurance?
A. Budget and emotion. B. Injections and checkups.
C. Risks and benefits. D. Emergencies and treatment.
There are robot cleaners and robot mops to help us around the house, so why not a robot to build our homes? Wait no longer. Now there is a set of electronics to do just that, build a house from scratch, and fast.
Forget weeks to find a builder and months for house construction; a machine developed in the United States can build a 232 sqm home layer by layer in a single day. University of Southern California’s Professor Behrokh Khoshnevis has designed the giant robot that replaces construction workers with a mouth on an arm of crane, which spits out concrete and can quickly build a home according to a computer pattern. The technology, known as Contour (轮廓) Crafting, could revolutionize the construction industry.
Contour Crafting could greatly decrease the cost of homeowning, making it possible for millions of displaced people As Prof Khoshnevis points out, if you look around you almost everything is made automatically these days, — “your shoes, your clothes, home appliances, your car. The only thing that is still built by hand are these buildings”.
The Contour Crafting system is a robot that automates age-old tools normally used by hand. These are applied by a robotic crane that builds a three-dimensional object. The nature of the technology means it will also be possible to create curved walls and architecture that is both “exotic(异国情调的)and beautiful” according to Prof Khoshnevis. As a result, it could be ideal to print out expensive homes according to customers’ demands.
Furthermore, Prof Khoshnevis believes that the technology could be applied beyond our planet. “Contour Crafting technology has the potential to build safe, reliable, and affordable structures, habitats, laboratories, and other facilities on the moon and Mars before the arrival of human beings,” his website reads.
According to the International Labour Organisation construction employs nearly 110 million people worldwide and “plays a major role in fighting the high levels of unemployment and in absorbing extra labour from the rural areas.” What the implications are for builders is, of course, a major concern. But Khoshnevis says “the reality is that a lot of new jobs can be created in this field as well.” Instead of building the house workmen are used to maintain the machine.
55. Which advantage does the giant robot have for the consumers?
A. It saves a great deal of time. B. It decorates houses beautifully.
C. It provides energy-saving apartments. D. It builds environmentally friendly houses.
56. The underlined part “to get on the property ladder” (in Para. 3 ) means “______”.
A. to print objects B. to predict disasters
C. to purchase a house D. to accumulate wealth
57. The new construction technology can satisfy the needs of _____.
A. low-income residents B. wealthy immigrants
C. middle-income people D. people at different income levels
58. What influence will Contour Crating have on construction industry? A. Many construction workers will lose jobs. B. Construction workers will update their skills.
C. More rural people will engage in construction. D. Professionals will be hired to make robot builders.
Fed up with your desk-bound job? Wish you spent your days being well treated instead? Dream of being paid to travel across the globe living the life of luxury?
Your dream could well become a reality because one luxury website has posted a job application for a lucky
individual to test the luxury life, which will involve sampling the finest products and experiences that the world is launching. According to website VeryFirstTo, which is offering the position, the Living Luxury Executive will dine at the best new restaurants, resting in the fanciest hotels, dress in fantastic jewels, road test the most advanced cars, and play with the most complicated tech products.
The Living Luxury Executive will be responsible for evaluating each experience and reporting back to VeryFirstTo, a members-only luxury gift website that sells the world’s finest products and labels itself“the first website for individuals to learn about, and have, newly launching luxury products and experiences.”
Newly launching brands that appear on VeryFirstTo and are candidates for testing include: Alexander McQueen, Apple, Bentley, Cartier, Christian Louboutin, Jimmy Choo, fine Japanese eatery Nobu and the well-known Shangri-La hotel.
Speaking about the ideal candidate, the recruiter(招聘者)said:“The ideal candidate would be an early adopter, familiar with fashion, cooking and technology, and have experience of the luxury market. ” Candidates must be able to “distinguish between the roar of a Bentley and a Lexus engine”, according to the job requirements.
A spokesman for the website told the Guardian(卫报):“We will definitely be appointing someone. It is not a trick merely to catch eyes. As for the salary, it is negotiable and we have not set it. There will be an ongoing contract and, depending upon the salary asked for, it can be anything from four days a week to less.”
Despite the position never being actually advertised, word spread across the globe and within days 1,000 applications have been received. Besides a mass of approaches from UK residents, VeryFirstTo has been coping with the growing number of applicants around the world with many offering to relocate and others stating they would even do the job for free.
And it seems that candidates are confident in their abilities with attitudes expressed alongside applications including:“ I live in a large country garden, importing best quality beef from America. I’ve owned and flown private jets and helicopters. ”
59. From where did the people know the position as the Living Luxury Executive first?
A. From VeryFirstTo. B. From the Guardian.
C. From the spokesman. D. From the travel magazine.
60. According to the passage, VeryFirstTo aims at ____.
A. employing sales staff B. assessing job applicants
C. issuing job advertisements D. selling luxury products and service
61. From the passage we know the applicants for the job_____.
A. doesn’t care about their salary B. come from different countries
C. must know how to pilot a plane D. have never lived the luxury life
62. What is the purpose of writing the passage?
A. To encourage online shopping. B. To promote the finest products.
C. To introduce a new occupation. D. To advocate an alternative lifestyle.
This year I decided to stop drinking coffee, my only source of caffeine. Anyone who knows me, especially my wife, will recognize this as a tough and extreme step. I’ve been drinking coffee since age 10, and I’d developed quite an addiction to the perfect cup.
In the past, I’ve experimented with quitting a few times by simply going cold turkey. Each time, the physical withdrawal, basically headaches, was over within 10 days, but after a month or two I would become convinced that coffee was good for my concentration and start drinking it again.
My reason to quit this time was the growing suspicion that coffee was causing mood swings and crashes that are bad for my overall sense of well-being. For this experiment I decided to stop very gradually. I thought that if I allowed the psychological withdrawal to occur gradually alongside the physiological(生理的), I would be able to observe my “coffee-desire” without acting on it, and learn the skill I would need to avoid touching the cup again in future.
I made the same amount of coffee each day. Although I didn’t measure caffeine content, I did control many factors including age of beans, water temperature and water/coffee contact time. From this controlled pot of coffee, I used measuring cups to throw away an additional 20ml per week. I used notebook software to keep some records of my progress and I started with a 3 cup pot in mid-April. Towards the end of July I wrote “I am increasingly wanting to
abandon this project altogether”,but I continued and in August I was down to a half glass per day, and decided I was done.
Over the past few days, I noticed myself increasingly thinking“I am having trouble concentrating and coffee might help”. These thoughts came to an end on Wednesday. This time, I was armed with data. I created a graph of my hours of concentration per day. One thing is very clear: based on my records, the amount of time I spend concentrating has not decreased since I quit coffee, so I can easily reject the wrong belief “I need coffee to help me concentrate.”
I see this as a success for self-quantifying. Whether or not it provides a general understanding of the effects of caffeine, it proves the use of self-tracking for making individualized personal decisions.
63. How will the author’s wife view his decision?
A. It is harmful. B. It is admirable.
C. It is unreasonable. D. It is challenging.
64. By “going cold turkey” (in Para. 2), the writer means “____”.
A. developing a new interest B. breaking the habit suddenly
C. dining at a turkey restaurant D. drinking a cup of cold tea
65. Which factor resulted in the author’s previous failure to kick the habit?
A. A lack of strong will. B. A state of low spirits.
C. A series of physical symptoms. D. A false concept about coffee.
66. What could be the best title for the passage?
A. Effects of coffee. B. Success through statistics.
C. An unforgettable experiment. D. Significance of determination.
Until now, little research has been conducted on the association between parents’friendships and the emotional well-being of their adolescent children. A new study from researchers at the University of Missouri suggests that mothers’friendships with other adults can impact their adolescent children’s relationships with their own friends, particularly the negative aspects of these relationships such as conflict and opposition.
Gary C. Glick, a doctoral candidate at MU, and Amanda Rose, professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences, studied the development of friendships and other peer (同龄人)relationships during adolescence and their impact on psychological adjustment. They found that adolescents may the negative characteristics of their mothers’relationships in their own peer-to-peer friendships suggesting that mothers can serve as role models for their adolescents during formative years.
“ Mothers who display high levels of conflict with friends may signal to their children that such behavior is acceptable, or even standard in friendships,” Glick said. “Additional findings suggest that adolescents take for granted their reactions to their mothers’conflict with adult friends which may lead to anxiety and depression. ”
Previous research of this type focused on primary-aged children, but MU researchers wanted to expand their study to focus on the formative adolescent years. Youth ranging in age from 10 to 17 and their mothers were surveyed separately to measure regarded positive and negative friendship qualities in both groups. Results showed that positive friendship qualities were not always imitated by adolescents; however, negative and unfriendly relationship characteristics exhibited by mothers were much more likely to be copied by the youth studied. “We know that conflict is a normal part of any relationship — whether it a relationship between a parent and a child, or a mother and her friends — and we’re not talking physical fights but oral conflicts,” Glick said. “ But being exposed to high levels of such conflict generally isn’t going to be good for children. Parents should consider whether they are good role models for their children especially where their friends are concerned. When things go wrong, parents should talk with their children about how to act with their friends, but more specifically, how not to act. ”
67. The word “mimic”(in Para. 2) means “______” .
A. inherit B. imitate C. possess D. discover
68. In comparison with the previous study, the new study expanded _____.
A. research subjects B. research themes
C. research goals D. research approaches
69. According to Glick, parents should instruct their children ____.
A. how to avoid any conflict with friends B. how to establish a sincere friendship
C. how to deal with a troubled friendship D. how to put an end to a wrong friendship
70. What does die new study reveal?
A. Aggressive mothers ruin their children’s friendship. B. Conflicts and opposition form children’s characters.
C. Parent-child relationship affects children’s growth. D. Teens mirror negative features of mom’s friendships.
71. In Vienna, people who talk too loudly on their mobile phones or eat smelly foods will face______________the
underground train and handed €650 fines. (drag) 在维也纳，在地铁里打手机声音太大或者吃气味难闻的食物的人，会被拉下地铁并罚款50欧元。
72. Spring Festival is an important time for the Chinese, with______________________________. (get) 春节对于中国人来说是家庭成员团聚的重要时刻。
73. _______________________our school will be stricken by the beauty of the campus. (come) 无论谁来到我们学校都将被校园的美景所打动。
74. Once ___________________________________the host program, the computer viruses then look for other
programs to infect. (attach) 电脑病毒程序一旦附加到一个主程序上，就会开始寻找其他可以进行感染的程序。
75. In Singapore, government reports, legal papers and most business letters are the main
situations________________________________________. (use) 在新加坡，政府报告、法律文件和大部分的商业信函都主要使用英语。
76. I’ve tried very hard to improve my oral English. But by no means________________________________my progress. (satisfied) 我已经非常努力地提高了我的英语口语，但我的父母对我的进步还是不满意。
77. It was not until the 19th century ______________________________as a form of energy. ( consider) 直到十九世纪热才被认为是能量的一种形式。
78. He put forward his suggestion at the meeting that all means_________________to help the homeless children. (try) 他在会上提出建议，要采用一切手段去帮助那些无家可归的孩子。
79. The world is a play that would not _______________________________if we knew the plot. (worth) 人生犹如一出戏，如若事先知道了剧情，就不值得一看了。
80. What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he___________________________________.(do) 多可惜呀！考虑到他的能力和经验，他本可以做得更好的。
A man can fail many times, but he isn’t a failure until he begins to blame somebody else.
--- J. Burroughs
1—10 CBCBB ABABC 11—20 BACCB AACBC
21—30 DBBCA CDDBA
31—40 BCDAB BADCA 41—50 CABDD ABDCC
A 篇 51—54 CCAA B 篇 55—58 ABBD C 篇 59—62 BDCA
D 篇 63—66 CCAB E 篇 67—70 DCBA
71. being dragged off72. family members getting together73. Whoever /Anyone who comes to
74. attached to/they are attached to75. where English is used.76. are my parents satisfied with
77. that heat was considered78. should be tried79. be worth seeing80. could have done better
A possible version:
It's a common sense that we are always encountering much failure in different stages of life. Under these circumstances, what matters most is not only our persistence but also our attitudes.
In our daily life, however hard we try, failure will accompany us like shades. When it comes to this topic, unforgettable memories crowd in my mind. I once did so badly in a critical exam that I lost a precious opportunity to be admitted to a key senior high school. I wasn’t aware of my laziness and carelessness. Instead, I thought the difficult exam and the neglect of my parents were to blame for my failure. I regarded myself as a stander-by and never learned to shoulder responsibilities for my own. It was my head-teacher's timely instruction that made me face difficult situation any time it appeared, after which I became more confident and diligent. The coming success made me popular among my peers. Never shall I forget this impressive experience.
It can be concluded from the above mentioned that positive attitude makes a true man while being timid before misfortune results in a failure. Facing any failure bravely can achieve a great success.
2分 （1）(mAmB)gh 2分 2
A的质量比B的质量适当大些，等等。 2分 23．（9分）
150 （共3分，对1个给2分，对2个给3分） 50（2分）
在位置Ⅰ：qEm2r 2分 m2r 4分
圆盘边缘两点间电势差的最大值：U2ER 2分 联立解得：U
①2分 r20 qBqB2
)(xCL) ④1分 22
B ⑤1分 2
mv2mv r2 解得：r2r1 ⑥2分
说明：若考生由图推理得出增大到90o时，H点将上移至x轴，故900，给5分。 34．【物理——选修3-4】（15分） （1）（6分）BCE
xL 1分 sin 1分
小球受到的回复力：Fmgsin 1分 联立解得：F且因F与x方向相反，故小球做简谐运动。
ⅱ．由图2可知摆球的振幅A=0.08m ，周期T=2s 1分
x 1分 L
mvmax 1分 2
联立解得：vmax0.08m/s 1分 说明：若用
35．【物理——选修3-5】（15分） （1）（6分）ABD （2）（9分）解答：
由动量守恒：mv0(mM)v 1分 质子轰击氘核损失的动能：E1解得：E1
mv0(mM)v2 1分 E1mv0 222
（1）(m2(mAmB)gh 2分 AmB)h2
（2）14.5 150 （共3分，对1个给2分，对2个给3分） 50（2分）
2分 （2）设小物块由Ⅰ转动到Ⅱ克服摩擦力做的功为Wf，由动能定理：qErWf0 2分
qB ②2分 2
L ③1分 在直角O2CE中：
CL) ④1分 由①②③④解得：B3
3r1 ⑥2分 ⅰ.若粒子从磁场Ⅰ向Ⅱ运动穿过A点，由几何关系：Lnr1(n1)r2 ⑦1分 联立解得：v
ⅱ.若粒子从磁场Ⅱ向Ⅰ运动穿过A点，由几何关系：Ln(r1r2) ⑧1分 联立解得：v
联立解得：sin1 解上式得：900 1分
33．【物理——选修3-5】（15分） （1）ACE（6分） （2）（9分）解答：
i．设左管中空气柱的长度增加h，由玻意耳定律：p0L(p02h)(Lh) 2分 代入数据解得：h=0或h=17.5cm
ii．设左管水银面下降的高度为x，左、右管水银面的高度差为y，由几何关系：xyH 1分 由玻意耳定律：p0L(p0y)(Lx) 2分 联立两式解得：x260x7000
解方程得：x=10cm x= -70cm（舍去） 2分 故左管水银面下降的高度为10cm
34．【物理——选修3-4】（15分） （1）（6分）BCE （2）（9分）解答：
小球受到的回复力：Fmgsin 1分 联立解得：F
x 1分 且因F与x方向相反，故小球做简谐运动。
ⅱ．由图2可知摆球的振幅A=0.08m ，周期T=2s 1分
以摆球为研究对象：由周期公式：T2 1分 由机械能守恒：mgL(1cos)
max 1分 由三角函数知识：1cos2sin2
1分 联立解得：vmax0.08m/s 1分
35．【物理——选修3-5】（15分） （1）（6分）ABD （2）（9分）解答：
02(mM)v2 1分 E12