(1) 旦视而暮抚. 旦,在早上；暮,在晚上
其培之也 培 为……培土
特殊句式(A)课前热身关于祈使句的一个小笑话： 老师：请把马儿跑了这句话转换成疑问句。 小伊万：马儿会跑吗？ 老师：正确！很好！现在把它转换成祈使句。 小伊万：驾！其实祈使句在平时生活中到处可见，当对别人发出命令、请求甚至在训斥时都会用到祈使句。 下面这个也是： 作文题目：请以“爱情”为题写一篇作文 要求：1.言简意赅，主题突出 2.该故事必须以悲剧结尾 3.字数不限 正文如下：——嫁给我好吗？ ——滚！ 哈哈，虽然只是个笑话，但是大家可见，祈使句真是无处不在呀。本讲要求内容 感叹句 祈使句 2. 掌握祈使句的基本句型和反义疑问句 基本要求 1. 掌握感叹句和祈使句的概念及用法知识讲解祈使句一、 定义：用于表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等的句子叫做祈使句，祈使句最常用于表达命令，因此在学校文法中也常称为命令句。 祈使句因对象（即主语）是第二人称，所以通常都省略。祈使句的动词都为一般现在时，句末则使 用句号来表示结束。例： Go and wash your hands. （去洗你的手。——命令） Be kind to our sister. （对姊妹要和善。——劝告） Look out! Danger! （小心！危险！——强烈警告，已如感叹句） No parking. （禁止停车。——禁止）二、特征 祈使句无主语， 主语 you 常省去； 动词原形谓语当，句首加 don’t 否定变； 朗读应当用降调，句末常标感叹号。三、表现形式 ● 肯定结构: 1. Do 型(即：动词原形(+宾语)+其它成分)。如：Please have a seat here. 请这边坐。 有的祈使句在意思明确的情况下，动词可省略。 如：This way, please. = Go this way, please. 请这边走。 2. Be 型(即：Be + 表语(名词或形容词)+其它成分)。如：Be a good boy! 要做一个好孩子! 3. Let 型(即：Let + 宾语 + 动词原形 + 其它成分)。如：Let me help you. 让我来帮你。● 否定结构: 1. Do 型和 Be 型的否定式都是在句首加 don’t 构成。如：Don’t forget me! 不要忘记我！ Don’t be late for school! 上学不要迟到! 2. Let 型的否定式有两种： “Don’t + let + 宾语 + 动词原形 + 其它成分”和“Let + 宾语 + not + 动词原形 + 其它成分”。如：Don’t let him go. / Let him not go. 别让他走。 3. 有些可用 no 开头，用来表示禁止性的祈使句。如：No smoking! 禁止吸烟！No fishing! 禁止钓鱼！四、“let”带头的祈使句 1. 主要用法1）表示“建议”。 这个句型里的 “let”后头紧跟着一个第一人称的代词宾语，如： Let me try. Let’s ... 2）表示“间接命令”或“愿望”。 这句型里的动词宾语是第三人称名词或代词， 如：Let Robert take charge of the marketing department. 2. 用 “let”的祈使句时，必须注意下列几点： 1） “Let”后头除了是不带 “to”的不定式动词之外，还可以是某些适当的副词，如 out, in, down, alone 等： 如： Let the puppy out. Open the windows and let the fresh air in.2）用 “Let’s”时，把谈话者的对象包括在内，如：Let’s try it, shall we? ；用 “Let us”时，并不包括对方， 如： Let us do it by ourselves, will you? 翻译下列各句： 1.咱们一起玩吧!2.请不要迟到.3.回答这个问题.4.我来打开窗户好吗?5.你和我们一起去好吗?感叹句A. 以 what 开头的感叹句 What 在感叹句中修饰名词，以它开头的感叹句主要有以下几种结构类型： 1.“What a(n) + 形容词+单形可数名词（+主语+谓语）”。如：What an important job it is! 那是多么重要 的工作呀！ 2.“What + 形容词+不可数名词（+主语+谓语）”。如：What sweet music it is! 多么美妙的音乐啊！ 3.“What +形容词+复形可数名词（+主语+谓语）”。如：What delicious moon cakes (they are)! 多么好吃 的月饼啊！ B. 以 how 开头的感叹句以 how 开头的感叹句有以下几种常见结构类型： 1.“How +形容词 （或副词） （+主语+谓语） 例如： ”。 How blue the sky is! 天空多蓝啊！ How quickly you walk! 你走得多快呀！ 2. “How +形容词+a(n) +单形可数名词（+主语+谓语）”。例如：How good a student he is! 他是多好的一 个学生啊！ C．一些特殊句式 1.在陈述句、祈使句或疑问句句尾加感叹号变成感叹句。如： He runs so fast! 他跑的真快呀！ Do read it carefully！ 2.用一个词或词组表达强烈感情的句子也是感叹句。 Wonderful ! 棒极了 Look out 当心！ Great！ 太棒了！ 3.以 there、here 等副词开头的感叹句。如： There she is! 她在那！ There goes the bell！铃响了！感叹句记忆口诀感叹句，并不难，what与how应在前。 形容词、副词跟着how，what后面名词连。 名词若是可数单，前带冠词a或an。 主语、谓语放后面，省略它们也常见。巧变感叹句在把陈述句变感叹句时，可以根据以下这种方法——一断二加三换位。 “一断” 即在谓语后面断开，使句子分成两部分。如： He works hard. → He works / hard. He is a good worker. → He is / a good worker. “二加” 即在第二部分前加上how（强调形容词、副词）或what（强调名词）。如： He works（how）hard. He is（what）a good worker.“三换位” 即把第一部分和第二部分互换位置，句号换感叹号。如： How hard he works! What a good worker he is!【练习】一 ：用What或How来补全以下的感叹句。 1. ______ a pretty girl she is! 3. ______ kind teachers they are! 2. ________ quickly the boy is running! 4. ________ clever the baby is!二 ：从所给的四个选项中选出正确的填空。 What What a What an How 2. ________ sad child he is! 4. ________ hard they study!1. ______ happy I am! 3. ______ hot water it is! 5. ______ good young man he is!三 ：按要求对下列句子进行句型转换。 1. He listened to his teacher carefully. (该为感叹句) _______ ________ he listened to his teacher! 2. What a clever monkey it is! (该为同义句)_______ ________ a monkey it is! 3.The food is very nice. (该为感叹句) _______ ________ food it is! 4. How sadly they are crying! (该为陈述句)They ________ ________ ________. 5. The Christmas tree is beautiful. (该为感叹句)_______ _______ the Christmas tree is!重难点祈使句的反义疑问句 1. 基本原则 若陈述部分为祈使句，反意疑问句通常用will you, won’t you, would you等： Mail the letter today, will you? 今天就把信发掉，好吗?Try to be back by two, won’t you? 设法两点之前回来，好吗? If you want help, let me know, would you? 如果你需要帮助，告诉我，好吗? 【注】若陈述部分为否定式，则反意疑问句部分只用will you： Don’t forget to post the letter, will you? 请别忘了寄信。 有时根据语境的需要，反意疑问句也可以用can you, can’t you 等： Give me some cigarettes, can you? 给我些香烟，可以吗? Walk faster, can’t you? 走快点，不行吗? 一般说来，用will you, won’t you, would you 等构成的反意疑问句语气较委婉。比较： Be quiet, will you? 请安静，好吗? Be quiet, can’t you? 你不能安静点吗? 2. 当祈使句为Let’s…时 反意疑问句总是用 shall we： Let’s phone her now, shall we? 我们现在就给她打电话，好吗? Let’s go to the cinema tonight, shall we? 今晚咱们去看电影，好吗？ 3. 当祈使句为Let us…时 若表示请求，反意疑问句用will you，若表示建议，反意疑问句用 shall we： Let us know your address, will you? 请把你的地址告诉我们，好吗? Let us go swimming together, shall we? 我们一起去游泳好吗? 【注】let’s…只表示建议，所以其后反意疑问句总是用shall we。而let us…既可表示建议请求，也可表示建 议(较正式)，其后的反意疑问句要根据这两种不同情况分别使用will you和shall we。 4. 当祈使句带有主语时 有时祈使句带有自己的主语，此时不要将其误认为是陈述句： Jim, you go there to help him, will you? 吉姆，你去那儿帮他，好吗？ You girls stand in the front row, will you? 你们女孩子站在前排，好吗？ 【注】不要将这类祈使句误认为是陈述句，而误用don’t you这样的反意疑问句.【练习】 ：用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. It’s an important meeting. __________ (not, be )late. 2. ____________ (not, make) any noise! Your mother is sleeping. 3. ____________ (not, speak) with your mouth full of food and ____________ (be) polite.4. ____________ ( not, talk) and ____________ (read) aloud. 5. ____________ (not, leave) your homework for tomorrow, Larry. 6. ____________ (look) out! A car is coming. 7. ____________ (give) us ten years and just see what our country will be like. 8. ____________ (not, let) the baby cry. 9. Wear more clothes or you ____________ (catch) a cold. 10. Let’s ____________ (not, say) anything about it.例题精讲一、单项选择 1. - Here is a ticket to the magic show, Jason. - Wow! ________ gift it is! It’s my favorite. A. What a delicious C. How nice B. What a nice D. How delicious2. - Listen! Our music teacher is playing the music of Two Butterflies. - ________! A. What a sweet music C. How a sweet music 3. ________ beautiful flowers they are! A. How B. What C. What a D. How a B. How sweet music D. What sweet music4. Mary got good grades in school. ________ excited she is! A. What B. What a C. How D. How an5.Her doctor said: “________ work so hard” A Stop B Don’t C Can’t D No6.. Sindy, ________ to be here at 8 o’clock A is sure B is sure that C will be sure D be sure7..________ when you cross the road. A Do care B Care C Do be careful D To be careful8. ________him the secret, will you?A Don’t tellB Not to tellC Not tellingD No telling9. ________ in bed. It’s bad for your eyes. A Not to read B Don’t read C Don’t to read D Not read10. ________ your child. We’ll look after him. A Not to worry about C Not worry for B Don’t worry about D Don’t worry with11. They are very tired. Why ________ have a rest? A not they B do not they C don’t they D not to12 --You look rather tired. ________ stopping to have a rest? -- All right. A Why not 13 ______ tell a lie. A Hardly B Not C No D Never B How about C Why not to D why don’t14.Please ________ look outside. Look at the blackboard. A not B don’t C aren’t D can’t课堂检测一．将下列句子翻译成英语. 1.这件毛衣真好看！2.那些钢笔太贵了！3.多好的一本书啊！4.这张相片多么有趣啊！5.他是位多么善良的人啊！6.春天多么暖和啊！7.这是一部多么激动人心的电影啊！8.这些问题真难！9.多可爱的礼物啊！10.那个老太太走路真慢！总结复习1. 感叹句中 what 和 how 的功能分别是什么？ 2. 感叹句常见的句型有哪些？ 3. 祈使句常见的类型有哪些？分别造个句子吧。课后作业 结复习 一 、将下列句子改为感叹句.1.He cooks very delicious food.2.They had a good time last Sunday.3.The girl comes to school so early.4.He told me important news.5.We have a very happy family.6.Mrs. Li found her handbag luckily.7.The plane flies quite quickly.8.She is a very careful student.9.This is an easy problem.10.Your mother looks very young.11.The music sounds nice.12.That is hard work.13.Her son is very naughty.14.He has a useful dictionary.15.Li Ping jumps very high.二. 用 What , What a , What an , How 填空． 1._____________ hot the weather is ! 2._____________hard her father works ! 3._____________long way it is from Guangdong to Paris ! 4._____________fine day it was yesterday ! 5._____________beautiful your voice is ! 6._____________interesting picture-books ! 7._____________lovely baby ! 8._____________strong wind ! 9._____________ sad new he told us !10._____________happy she was last weekend ! 11._____________good weather ! Why not go out for a walk ! 12._____________nice the garden is ! 13._____________difficult work he did ! 14._____________broken the house looks ! 15._____________ happy life we have !
至激于义理者不然 盖文王拘而演《周易》 屈原放逐，乃赋《离骚》 韩非囚秦，《说难》、《孤愤》 不拘于时
盖当蓼洲周公之被逮 不能容于远近 而君幸于赵王
臣诚恐见欺于王而负赵 虽万被戮，岂有悔哉 秦城恐不可得，徒见欺
永元中，举孝廉不行，连辟公府不就 吾属今为之虏矣 若属皆且为所虏
古之人不余欺也 句读之不知惑之不解 谁为哀者
不然，籍何以至此 如或知尔，则何以哉 居则曰，“不吾知也” 自书典所记，未之有也 何以知之
技经肯綮之未尝 今日之事何如 沛公安在
蚓无爪牙之利，筋骨之强 石之铿然有声者 持白璧一双
木直中绳，（ ）以为轮 藏之名山，传之其人 今以钟磬置水中
断头置头上，颜色不少变 激昂大义，蹈死不顾 亚父受玉斗，置之地 后数日驿至，果地震陇西 传以示美人及左右 竖子不足与谋
樊哙覆其盾于地，加彘肩上 将军战河北，臣战河南 遂于秦王会渑池 为击破沛公军 欲呼张良与俱去 今其智乃反不能及
非能水也 微风鼓浪 吾师道也 不耻相师
是时以大中丞抚吴者为魏私人 沛公欲王关中 沛公军霸上 籍吏民封府库 范增数目项王 刑人如恐不胜 如会同，端章甫 鼓瑟希
相如视秦王无意偿赵城，乃前曰 宦官惧其毁己，皆共目之 乃使其从者衣褐 左右欲刃相如
事不目见耳闻，而臆断其有无 士大夫终不肯以小舟夜泊绝壁之下人皆得以隶使之 项伯乃夜驰之沛公军 吾得兄事之 常以身翼蔽沛公 头发上指，目眦尽裂 道芷阳间行
上食埃土，下饮黄泉 故令人持璧归，间至赵矣 而相如廷叱之 良庖岁更刀，割也
虽大风浪不能鸣也 众不能堪，（ ）而扑之 安能屈豪杰之流 项伯杀人臣活之
沛公旦日从百余骑来见项王 拔剑撞而破之 比及三年可使足民 宁许以负秦曲 毕礼而归之 臣请完璧归赵
孔子师郯子、长弘、师襄、老聃大将军邓骘奇其才 先破秦入咸阳者王之 吾羞不忍为之下 且庸人尚羞之
是故圣益圣愚益愚 此其志不在小 君安与项伯有故
亦以明死生之大 素善留侯张良 秋毫不敢有所近 假舆马者，非利足也 不知将军宽之至此也
格式：主十否定词【不、未、无、莫、毋、弗】十宾【余、吾、尔、自、之、是】十动 ①三岁贯汝，莫我肯顾（《硕鼠》） 译文：“莫我肯顾”应理解成“莫肯顾我”。
①良问曰：“大王来何操？”《鸿门宴》 译文：“张良问公道：„大王来的时候拿了什么？‟” ②问女何所思？（《木兰辞》） 译文：“问女儿在思考什么？”
③王见之曰：“牛何之？” （《晏子使楚》）译文：“大王看见了问道：„把牛牵到哪里？‟” ④何伤乎？ （《齐桓晋文之事》） 译文：“妨碍什么呢（有什么妨碍呢）？”
⑤王曰：“缚者曷为者也？”（《晏子使楚》）译文：“大王问：„绑着的人是干什么的？‟” ⑥吾谁敢怨？（《捕蛇者说》） 译文：“我敢埋怨谁呢？”
①不然，籍何以至此？（《鸿门宴》） 译文：“不这样，我（项羽）凭什么到这个地步呢？” ②谁为哀者？（《五人墓碑记》） 译文：“（你们在）替谁哀哭呢？”
③长安君何以自托于赵？（《蟹龙说赵太后》）译文：“长安君凭什么在赵国站住脚呢？” ④国胡以相恤？（《论积贮疏》） 译文：“国家用什么来救济老百性呢？”
①钩以写龙，凿以写龙（《叶公好龙》） 译文：“用钩子来画龙，用凿子来雕刻龙” ②余是以记之 （《游褒禅山记》） 译文：“我因此记下了这件事”
①夫晋，何罪之有？ （《烛之武退秦师》） 译文：“晋国，有什么罪过呢？”
②唯弈秋之为听 （《弈秋》） 译文：“只听弈秋的教导”(“唯”译为“只”，下同) ③句读之不知，惑之不解（《师说》） 译文：“不了解句读，不能解答疑惑”
④唯陈言之务去 （《答李翊书》） 译文：“只是务必除去那些陈旧的话”
⑥唯马首是瞻 （《冯婉贞》） 译文：“只看我的马头行事”
①亚父南向坐 （《鸿门宴》 译文：“亚父范增面向南坐着”
（1）格式：动十以十宾 ①饰以篆文山龟鸟兽之形（《张衡传》） 译文：“用篆文山龟鸟兽的形状来装饰” ②还矢先王，而告以成功（《伶官传序》） 译文：“把箭放回先王灵位之前，禀告大功告成” ③请其矢，盛以锦囊（《伶官传序》） 译文：“并请出那三枝箭，装进锦囊” ④方其系燕父子以组，（《伶官传序》） 译文：“当庄宗用绳索捆绑燕王父子” ⑤申之以孝悌之义 （《齐桓晋文之事》）译文：“把孝敬父母敬重兄弟的事向他们反复讲述”
①覆之以掌 （《促织》） 译文：“用手掌覆盖（蟋蟀）”
（2）格式：动十于（乎，相当“于”）十宾 ①使归就求救于孙将军（《赤壁之战》） 译文：“让他回去向孙将军求救” ②能谤讥于市朝 （《邹忌讽齐王纳谏》） 译文：“能够在集市上指出我的过错的人” ③且立石于其墓之门（《五人墓碑记》） 译文：“并且在他们的墓门前建立石碑” ④生乎吾前 （《师说》） 译文：“生在我的前面” ⑤风乎舞雩 （《四子侍坐》） 译文：“在舞雩台上吹风”
（3）格式：形十于十宾 ①长于臣（《鸿门宴》） 译文：“（他，指项伯）比我长（大）” ②虽才高于世，而无骄尚之情（《张衡传》）译文：“虽然才能比世人高，但却没有骄傲的情绪”
【1】格式：中心词十定语十者 ①求人可使报秦者。（《廉颇蔺相如列传》）译文：“寻找可以出使秦国回来复命的人” ②楚人有涉江者。（《刻舟求剑》） 译文：“楚国有个渡江的人”
5 ③荆州之民附操者。（《赤壁之战》） 译文：“荆州依附曹操的老百姓” ④四方之士来者。（《勾践灭吴》） 译文：“四方前来投奔吴国的士人” ⑤村中少年好事者。（《黔之驴》） 译文：“村中有个喜欢多事的年青人”
【2】格式：中心词+之+定语+者 ①马之千里者（《马说》） 译文：“千里马” ②僧之富者不能至 译文：“富有的和尚却不能到达” ③国之孺子之游者（《勾践灭吴》） 译文：“吴国出游的年青人” ④石之铿然有声者。（《石钟山记》 译文：“铿然有声的石头”
【3】格式：中心语+之+定语 ①蚓无爪牙之利，筋骨之强。（《劝学》） 译文：“蚯蚓没有尖利的爪牙和强健的筋骨” ②居庙堂之高则忧其民，处江湖之远则忧其君（《岳阳楼记》）译文：“在朝廷作官（或居在高高的庙堂），就要忧虑老百姓的疾苦，退隐江湖远离朝廷（或身处遥远的江湖），就要为国君担忧”
【5】数量词做定语多放在中心词后面。格式：中心语十数量定语 ①比至陈，车六七百乘，骑千余，卒数万人。译文：“等到了陈这个地方，有六七百辆车，千多名骑兵，数万名士兵” ②一食或尽粟一石（《马说》） 译文：“吃东西有时能吃完一石粮食”
1. Not until he left his home _____ to know how important the family was for him. [2010-江西]
A. did he begin C. he began
B. had he begun D. he had begun
2. I have been living in the United States for twenty years, but seldom ____ so lonely as now.
[2007-辽宁] A. have I felt B. I had felt C. I have felt D. had I felt
3. I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means ____with my progress. [2006-重
A. the teacher is not satisfied
B. is the teacher not satisfied
C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied
4. _____ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. [2008-江苏] A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will 5. Only then______ how much damage had been caused. [2006-陕西]
A. she realized B. she had realized C. had she realized D. did she realize
6. is the power of TV that it can make a person suddenly famous. [2009-辽宁]
C. That D. So
7. So sudden ______ that the enemy had no time to escape. [2009-山东]
A. did the attack C. was the attack
B. the attack did D. the attack was
8. Unsatisfied 重庆] A. though was he B. though he was C. he was though D. was he though
9. _____, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. [2007-重庆] A. Strange as might it sound B. As it might sound strange C. As strange it might sound D. Strange as it might sound 10. _____, he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class. [2005-重庆]
A. A quiet student as he may be B. Quiet student as he may be
C. Be a quiet student as he may D. Quiet as he may be a student
11. ______ fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off. [2006-湖北]
A. Would you be
1. At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River______, one of the ten largest
cities in China.（2010-重庆）
A. lies Chongqing C. does lie Chongqing
B. Chongqing lies D. does Chongqing lie
B. Should you be D. Might you be
C. Could you be
2. John opened the door. There _____ he had never seen before.（2010-陕西）
A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl
4. ______ a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project. （2009-安徽）
A. It has
B. They have D. There remains
C. It remains
3. ---- Is everyone here?
---- Not yet. Look, there _____ the rest of our guests! （2010-江苏） A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 5. Hearing the dog barking fiercely, away ______.（2009-上海）
A. fleeing the thief
B. was fleeing the thief
C. the thief was fleeing D. fled the thief
6. For a moment nothing happened. Then all shouting together.（2009-福建） A. voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come
7. Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______.（2008-辽宁） A. I was neither B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I 8. — My room gets very cold at night. （2007-江苏）
A. So is mine B. So mine is C. So does mine D. So mine does 9. — It was careless of you to have left your clothes outside all night.
— My God! _______. (1999-上海)
A. So did I C. So were you
1. John's success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work _____ has made him
what he is today.（2010-湖南）
C. which D. that
2. It was ____ he came back from Africa that year ____ he met the girl he would like to marry.
A. when; then
B. not; until
C. not until; that D. only; when 3. It was _____ back home after the experiment. （2004-湖北） A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go
C. not until midnight that he went
D. until midnight when he didn’t go
4. ---- ______ that he managed to get the information?
---- Oh, a friend of his helped him. （2005-山东）
A. Where was it C. How was it
B. What was it D. Why was it
B. So I did D. So did you
1. Sally’s never seen a play in the Shanghai Grand Theatre, ______?（2009-上海）
A. hasn’t she B. has she C. isn’t she D. is she
2. Sarah had her washing machine repaired the day before yesterday, she?（2006-广东）
C. hadn't D. didn't
3. He must be helping the old man to water the flowers, _______?（2009-陕西）
A. is he
B. isn’t he
C. must he D. mustn’t he
4. There is no light in the dormitory. They must have gone to the lecture, _____?（2005-上海春）
A. didn't they
C. mustn't they
B. don't they D. haven't they
5. There was a loud scream from the backstage immediately after the concert ended, ______ ?
（2005-上海） A. wasn’t there B. was there C. didn’t it D. did it
6. I’m sure she went to school by bus, _______?（2006-福建）
A. hadn’t you
B. wouldn’t you
C. aren’t I D. didn’t she
7. When you’ve finished with that book, don’t forget to put it back on the shelf, _____? （2007-
A. do you C. will you
1. — What’s the matter with Della?
— Well, her parents wouldn't allow her to go to the party, but she still ______. (2009-江苏)
A. hopes to
B. hopes so
C. hopes not D. hopes for
2. One of the side of the board should be painted yellow, and ______. (2000-北京春)
A. the other is white C. the other white
B. another white D. another is white
B. don’t you D. won’t you
3. The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if regularly, can improve our
A. being carried out C. carried out
1. The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only_______, but students became more
interested in the lessons. （2009-全国I）
A. saved was teachers’ energy C. teachers’ energy was saved
B. was teachers’ energy saved D. was saved teachers’ energy
B. carrying out D. to carry out
2. Not until I came home last night ________ to bed. （2009-四川）
A. Mum did go B. did Mum go C. went Mum D. Mum went
3. Little _______ about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself. （2009-陕西）
A. did Rose care C. Rose does care
B. Rose did care D. does Rose care
4. It was announced that only when the fire was under control ___ to return to their homes.
A. the residents would be permitted B. had the residents been permitted C. would the residents be permitted D. the residents had been permitted
5. how much I loved them.（2008-重庆）
A. I realized
B. I had realized
C. had I realized D. did I realize
6. how much I loved them.（2008-重庆） A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize
7. If Joe' s wife won' t go to the party, _______.（2007-全国卷II）
A. he will either B. neither will he C. he neither will D. either he will
8. that Maric was able to set up new branches elsewhere.（2007-陕西）
A. So successful her business was
B. So successful was her business
C. So her business was successful D. So was her successful business 9. —How was the televised debate last night?
—Super! Rarely ______ so much media attention.（2007-上海） A. a debate attracted
B. did a debate attract
C. a debate did attract D. attracted a debate
10. Little _______ that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way
in this business.（2007-安徽） A. he realized
C. didn't he realize
B. he didn't realize D. did he realize
11. —Did you see who the driver was ?
—No, so quickly _____ that I couldn’t get a good look at his face. (2007-上海春季)
A. did the car speed by B. the car speed by C. does the car speed by D. the car speeds by
12. Never in my wildest dreams ___ these people are living in such poor conditions.（2006-安徽）
A. I could imagine
B. could I imagine
C.I couldn’t imagine D. couldn’t I imagine 13. －Did Linda see the traffic accident? （2006-天津）
－No, no sooner impossible now does seem possible.
A. had she gone
B. she had gone
C. has she gone D. she has gone 14. — I reminded you not to forget the appointment. （2006-江西）
A. So you did
B. So I do not
C. So did you D. So do I
15. _______homework did we have to do that we had no time to take a rest. （2006-福建） A. So much C. Too little 16. —It’s burning hot today, isn’t it?
—Yes. _____ yesterday.（2006-福建）
A. So was it
B. Too much D. So little
B. So it was
C. So it is D. So is it
17. So difficult it to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice.（2006-广东）
A. I did find
B. did I find
C. I have found D. have I found 18. At the foot of the mountain____（2006-四川）
A. a village lie C. does a village lie
B. lies a village D. lying a village
19. _______ by keeping down costs will Power Data hold its advantage over other companies.
（2006-浙江） A. Only B. Just C. Still D. Yet
20. Just in front of our house _____ with a history of 1,000 years.（2006-上海春）
A. does a tall tree stand
B. stands a tall tree
C. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands
21. Never before _______ in greater need of modern public transport than it is today.（2005-上海） A. has this city been B. this city has been C. was this city D. this city was
22. So little ____ with each other that the neighboring countries could not settle their difference.
A. they agreed
B. agreed they
C. did they agree D. they did agree 23. －Maggie had a wonderful time at the party.
－ ______, and so did I. （2005-安徽）
A. So she had B. So had she C. So she did D. So did she 24. Only after my friend came . （2005-福建）
A. did the computer repair B. he repaired the computer C. was the computer repaired D. the computer was repaired 25. —Father, you promised!
—Well, . But it was you who didn’t keep your word first. （2005-湖北）
A. so was I C. so I was
B. so did I D. so I did
26. ______ about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research
（2005-江苏） A. so curious the couple was B. So curious were the couple C. How curious the couple were D. The couple was such curious
27. They have a good knowledge of English but little ___they know about German. （2005-天津）
A. have B. did
C. had D. do
28. Mary never does any reading in the evening, _________.（2005-陕西）
A. so does John B. John does too C. John doesn’t too D. nor does John
29. —Well. I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast.
—__________.（2005-辽宁） A. So it is B. So is it C. So does it D. So it does
30. In the dark forests ________, some large enough to hold several English towns. （2005-辽宁）
A. stand many lakes B. lie many lakes C. many lakes lie D. many lakes stand
31. Of the making of good books there is no end; neither_______ any end to their influence man’s
lives.（2004-广东） A. there is B. there are C. is there D. are there
32. Maybe you have been to many countries, but nowhere else ______ such a beautiful palace.
A. can you find
B. you could find
C. you can find D. could you find
33. — I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible!
A. Nor am I C. Same with me
B. Neither would I D. So do I
34. ____ snacks and drinks, but they also brought cards for entertainment when they had a picnic
in the forest. （2004-上海） A. Not only they brought B. Not only did they bring C. Not only brought they D. Not only they did bring 35. Only when your identity has been checked, _____. (2003-上海)
A. you are allowed in B. you will be allowed in
C. will you allow in D. will you be allowed in
36. Only in this way ____ to make improvement in the operating system. (2003-上海春季)
A. you can hope
B. you did hope
C. can you hope D. did you hope
37. The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once _____with each other. (2003全
A. they had quarreled
B. they have quarreled
C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled 38. ---- You forgot your purse when you went out.
---- Good heavens, ______. (2002上海)
A. so did I B. so I did C. I did so D. I so did
39. Not only __ interested in football but __ beginning to show an interest in it. (2002-上海春季)
A. the teacher himself is; all his student are C. is the teacher himself; are all his student
B. the teacher himself is; are all his student D. is the teacher himself; all his student are
40. ____, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. (2001-上海)
A. As long as I have traveled B. Now that I have traveled so much C. Much as I have traveled D. As I have traveled so much
41. So difficult ______ it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English
A. I have felt
B. have I felt
C. I did feel D. did I feel
42. Only when the car was over ____ to his hometown. (2001-上海春季)
A. did the young soldier return B. the young soldier returned C. returned the young soldier D. the young soldier did return 43. Not a single song ____ at yesterday’s party. (2000-上海)
A. she sang
B. sang she
C. did she sing D. she did sing
44. I finally got a job I dreamed about. Never in my life _____ so happy. (2001-上海春季) A. did I feel B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt 45. _____ can you expect to get a pay rise. (2001-全国春季)
A. With hard work B. Although work hard
C. Only with hard work D. Now that he works hard
46. The old couples have been married for 40 years and never once ____ with each other. (2000-全国) A. they had quarreled B. they have quarreled C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled 47. —David has made great progress recently.
—_____, and ______. (1997-上海) A. So he has; so you have B. So he has; so have you C. So has he; so have you D. So has he; so you have
48. Mother will wait for him to have dinner together, (1997-全国) A. However late is he B. However he is late C. However is he late D. However late he is
49. Not until all the dish died in the river _____ how serious the pollution was. (1995-全国)
A. did the villagers realized B. villagers realized
C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize 50. Little ____ about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself. (1994-上海)
A. does he care C. he cares
B. did he care D. he cared
51. It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village the hostess cooked
such a nice dinner.（2010-安徽） A. where B. that C. when D. which
52. It was not until midnight they reached the camp site. （2008-重庆） A. that B. when C. while D. as
53. It was in New Zealand ___ Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith.（2008-全国Ⅱ）
A. that B. how
C. which D. when
54. It was along the Mississippi River _____ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. （2008-天津）
C. that D. where
55. It is what you do rather than what you say _______ matters. （2005-天津） A. that B. what C. which D. this
56. It was only with the help of the local guide ________.（2005-上海春）
A. was the mountain climber rescued B. that the mountain climber was rescued C. when the mountain climber was rescued D. then the mountain climber was rescued 57. he received the news that his lost daughter had been found.
A. because C. since
B. which D. that
58. It was only when I reread his poems recently_______ I began to appreciate their beauty.
A. until C. then
B. that D. so
59. It was about 600 years ago the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.
(1997-全国) A. that B. until C. before D. when
60. It was not until 1920 regular radio broadcasts began. (1995-全国)
A. while C. that
B. which D. since
61. It was after he got what he had desired he realized it was not so important.
C. since D. as
62. It was not until she got home Jennifer realized she had lost her keys.（2006-全国2）
B. that D. before
63. .David said that it was because of his strong interest in literature _______ he chose the course.
C. why D. how
64. It’s the first time that he has been to Australia, ? （2009-辽宁）
A. isn’t he
B. hasn’t he
C. isn’t it D. hasn’t it
65. You and I could hardly work together, ______?（2009-湖南）
A. could you C. couldn’t we
B. couldn’t I D. could we
66. （2006-全国2） A. do you B. can we C. will you D. shall we
67. He never said that he was good at mathematics, （2005-北京春）
A. was he
B. wasn't he
C. did he D. didn't he
68. Bill’s aim is to inform the viewers that cigarette advertising on TV is illegal, ____?（2004-上
A. isn’t it
B. is it
C. isn’t be D. is he
69. ---- Alice, you feed the bird today, _______? （1999-全国）
－－But I fed it yesterday.
A. do you B. will you C. didn't you D. don't you
70. Though _____ to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome.（2010-全国2）
B. was surprised
C. surprised D. being surprised 71. —Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday?
—Yes, _____, I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. （2008-安徽）
A. If ever
B. If busy
C. If anything D. If possible 72. —Who should be responsible for the accident? （2008-福建） —The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order . A. as told B. as are told C. as telling D. as they told
73. Sugar, when ____ with water, dissolves quickly.（2005-上海春季）
C. mix D. is mixed
74. Lucy’s new job paid twice as much as she had made _____ in the restaurant.（2008-山东）
C. to work D. worked
75. The research is so designed that once _____ nothing can be done to change it. (2002-全国) A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun
76. ____ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. (2004-湖北)
B. When comparing
C. Comparing D. When compared
77. It shares me to say it, but I told a lie when _____ at the meeting by my boss. (2004-全国Ⅳ)
A. questioning B. having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned
78. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ______. (1995-全国)
A. not to C. not do it
B. not to do D. do not to
实词： 六一居士初镝浒州：嘀：贬职 则又更号六一居士：更，更改 余将见子疾走大喘渴死：快速；跑 吾之乐可胜道哉：尽
1、 以吾一翁：把，介词 乃以难疆之筋骸：凭，用，介词 聊以志吾之乐尔：用，介词
考点1 强调句(强调句式的基本形式；强调句的疑问句式；含“(not)…until…”句型的强调句) 考点2 强调句与三大从句的辨别
考点3 倒装句：①否定词(none, neither, nor, not, never, hardly, scarcely, little, seldom)，否定 意义的短语(at no time, by no means, no sooner等置于句首的部分倒装；②so/such„ that句型中的部分倒装③only+状语(从句)置于句首的部分倒装；④Not only+并列分 句中的部分倒装；⑤Not until引导的状语从句放在句首,从句不倒装,主句要部分倒 装；⑥here, there, now, then, out, in, up, down, away, on the wall, in the room等表示地 点、时间或方位的副词或介词短语置于句首时，句子用全部倒装；⑦neither/nor＋ 助动词/情态动词/系动词＋主语。
考点4 简单句中的省略、从句中的省略(常常和非谓语动词一块考查) 考点5 祈使句和反意问句
强调结构的陈述式为“It is （was） + 被强调部分 + that （who）…”。该结构可用于强调主语、宾语、状语等，但不能强调谓语动词。该句式中用that或who的区别是：当被强调的指人时，用that或who均可；当被强调的不是指人时，则只能用that（注意不用which）。如：It was in the office that he was killed. 他是办公室被杀害的。（强调in the office） It is the children who broke the window. 是孩子们打破窗户的。（强调the children） It was to you and not anyone else that I lent the money. 我只借钱给你，不借给其他人。（强调to you and not anyone）
It is only when you have your own children that you realize the troubles of parenthood. 当你有了自己的孩子，才能真切地了解到双亲的辛苦。（强调only when you have your own children）
一般疑问句的强调结构就是将be提到句首，即使用“Is / Was it+ 被强调部分 + that / who…”。如：Is it Tommy who answered the telephone? 是汤米接的电话吗? Is it from advertising that a newspaper earns a lot of its profits? 报纸获利最多的部分是在于广告收入吗？
特殊疑问句的强调结构句型为“疑问词（Who / What / When / Where / Why / How）+is / was it that…”这样的形式。如：When was it that he got married? 他是什么时候结婚的? How long ago is it that you last saw her? 你上一次看见她是多久以前的事? Who was it that won the World Cup in 1982? 谁赢得了1982年的世界杯? Why is it that I always land up cleaning the bath? 为
什么总是该我来洗刷浴缸? In which play of Shakespeare's is it that Viola appears? 维欧拉是在莎士比亚那个剧里出现的吗?
一、如果强调句型指现在或未来情况用It is,指过去情况用It was。
二、被强调部分往往是句子的主语、宾语、时间状语和地点状语,但有时也可强调比较复杂的内容,如时间状语从句、条件状语从句、not until...、not only...but also...、...as well as...等结构。
例1：It was him who/that I saw the day before yesterday.
析：该句原句为：I saw him the day before yesterday.该句指过去情况,所以强调句型应使用It was开头；被强调部分为原句宾语-宾格人称代词him,所以强调句型仍用him作被强调部分；被强调部分指人,所以用who或that。
例2：It was in the street that I met him yesterday.
析：该句原句为：I met him in the street yesterday.该句仍指过去情况,所以强调句型仍以It was开头,被强调部分虽为地点状语,但不能用where,只能用that。
例3：It was because he was seriously ill that he died.
析：该句原句为：He died because he was seriously ill.被强调部分为结构复杂的原因状语从句,但不能用why,只能用that。
六、强调句型的一般疑问句结构为：Is /Was it…who／that…?
例4：Was it during the Second World War that he died？
析：该句虽不以It was开头,而以Was it开头,是强调句型的一般疑问句形式。所以当被强调部分为时间状语时,应用that。
七、强调句型的特殊疑问句结构为：特殊疑问词+is /was it that…?(强调句型的特殊疑问句只能强调特殊疑问词)
例5：Where was it that you found your lost pen？
八、强调句型中的is /was前面可用must /may /might等表推测的情态动词。
例6：It might be in this room that he met her.
例7：It was on October 1st,1949when he joined the Party that he was killed.
析：该句的中心不是说明1949年10月1日他入党,而是说1949年10月1日他被杀害,he joined the Party是定语从句,所以,首先是when引导的定语从句,然后是that强调句。
1）here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run等表示来去或状态的动词。
There goes the bell.
Here comes the bus.
Now comes the bus
2）up、down 、 in 、out 、off、away表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首，谓语表示运动的动词。
Away flew the birds.
Out rushed the children.
At the foot of the hill lies a beautiful lake
Outside the room sits a little dog.
On top of the hill stands a watchtower.
注意：如果主语为人称代词，则主、谓不需要倒装。 In he came and back he went again.
部分倒装是部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。把be/助动词/情态动词---is am are was were ，do does did ，can could would may will might----等提前到主语的前面。
1、only所修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句放在句首时, 要进行部分倒装，如： Only then did I realize the importance of learning English.
Only in this way can you hope to improve the situation there.
Only after he came back was I able to see him.
注：only修饰主语，仍用自然语序，如：Only socialism can save China.
2、否定副词及介词短语的否定词位于句首时。高考常考的这类词或词语有：never , not, seldom, hardly, little, nowhere, by no means, in no time等 。
Never have I seen such a beautiful place.
Seldom do I go to the cinema.
3、not until 引导的从句位于句首引起的主句部分倒装，
Not until his mother came back did he finish his homework.
Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.
4、as / though引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前（形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前）。但需注意：
Ugly as I am, I am gentle.
Child as he is, he has to make a living.
Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.
5、用于so、 nor、 neither 开头的句子.。此类倒装用于重复前句部分内容，
He has been to Beijing. So have I.
Tom can’t answer the question. Neither /Nor can I .
6、在 hardly/scarcely/…when； no sooner…than; not only … but also；so...that; such…that的倒装句中，前倒后不倒.
hardly/scarcely/ no sooner后句子的谓语用had done, when/than后句子的谓语用一般过去时
(1) Hardly / Scarcely had he fallen asleep when a loud knock at the door awaked him.
(2) No sooner had I reached the station than train moved.
(3) Not only is he interested in football but also he plays it well.
(4)So hard does he work that he has made great progress in English.
7、If 虚拟条件从句中.从句有(were/should/had) ，可把if省略，were, had, should 移到主语之前，采取部分倒装。
（1）If I were you, I would work hard.
Were I you, I would work hard.
（2) If it should rain tomorrow, we would put off our meeting.
Should it rain tomorrow, we would put off our meeting.
（3）If he had followed my advice, he would have succeeded.
Had he followed my advice, he would have succeeded.
（4）If it were not for his teacher’s help, he would never graduate from this high school Were it not for his teacher’s help, he would never graduate from this high school.
注意：我们可以说Were it not...或者Had it not been..., 但不可以说Weren’ t it... 或者hadn’t it been...
2.、up、down 、 in 、out 、off、away表示运动方向的副词或地 点状语置于句首
部分倒装 3、not until 引导的从句位于句首
5、So\ Neither\ Nor 位于句首时
6、hardly/scarcely/…when； no sooner…than; not only … but also； so...that; such…that的特殊句式
1.(2011重庆卷32)—Have you seem the film Under the Hawthorn Tree?
— Of course, I have. It was in our village _______ it was made.
A. that B. where C. when D. which
2.(2013天津卷)11. It was not until near the end of the she mentioned her own plan.
A. that B. where C. why D. when
3.(2013福建卷)34.Not until he went through real hardship _____ the love we have for our families is important.
A. had he realized B. did he realize C. he realized D. he had realized
4.(2013江西卷)25.Only when he apologizes for his rudeness ______to him again.
A. I will speak B. will I speak C. do I speak D. I speak
5.(2013湖南卷)30. Every day ________ a proverb aloud several times until you have it memorized.
B. reading C. to read D. reads
1.(安徽省桐城市十中2014届高三上月考)It wasn’t until dark ________ he found ________he thought was the correct way to solve the problem.
A. when , that B. that , that C. when , what D. that , what
2.(福建省莆田市2014届高三3月质量检测)一How did you manage to succeed?
一It is only after we've lost everything _______we're free to do anything.
A. when B. that C. which D. what
3.(福建省泉州市2014届高三1月质量检查)While I was looking through the news online, _______．
A. did a video of a lovely bear come up B. did come up a video of a lovely bear
D. up came a video of a lovely bear C. up did a video of a lovely bear come
4.(吉林省延边州2014届高三下学期质量检测)So small ________ that they don’t admit much light at all.
A. the windows are C. the window is B. are the windows D. is the window
5.(江苏省扬州市2013届高三期末)—My Dad began to teach me English when I was eight. —Wow. You must have studied English for six years, ?
A. haven’t you B. mustn’t you C. needn’t you D. don’t you
1.(山东省临沂市2014届高三3月教学质量检测)—didn't do the experiment successfully?
—No, it was because of his carelessness.
A. that B. while C. for D. as
2.(江苏省常州市2014届高三上学期期末考试)It isn't just big data specialists like data scientists and statisticians ______ to benefit from this boom of big data opportunities.
A. who stands B. that stand C. which stands D. when stand
3.(陕西省商南高级中学2014届高三上学期三模)We laugh at jokes， about how they work．
A. we think B. think we C. we do think D. do we think
4.(陕西省长安一中等五校2014届高三第一次模拟)15. ____under the tree was a charming girl aged about seventeen or eighteen.
A. Sat B. Sitting C. To sit D. Sit
5.(江西省红色六校2014届高三上学期第二次联考)34. In his speech, he said that it was his primary school teachers that he was fond of ________influenced his whole life.
A. what B. which C. who D. as
1．It ______ （not）be the postman at the door.It's only six o'clock.
2．If you ______ go，at least wait until the storm is over.
3．They ______ have arrived at lunchtime but their flight was delayed.
4．—Why didn't you come to Simon's party last night?
—I wanted to，but my mom simply ______ not let me out so late at night.
5．—How's your new babysitter?
—We ______ （not）ask for a better one.All our kids love her so much.
6．I ______（not）go through that bitter period without your generous help.
7．—Will you read me a story，Mummy?
—OK.You ______ have one if you go to bed as soon as possible.
8．I ______（not）worry about my weekend—I always have my plans ready before it comes.
9．There ______（not）be any difficulty about passing the road test since you have practiced a lot in the driving school.
10．The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it ______ be very slow.
11．I ______ not stay for lunch.My brother is coming to see me.
12．If I ______ plan to do anything I wanted to，I'd like to go to Tibet and travel through as much of it as possible.
13．Tom，you ______ not leave all your clothes on the floor like this!
14．—I don't really like James.Why did you invite him?
—Don't worry.He ______ not come.He said he wasn't certain what his plans were.
15．—No one ______ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball.
—Oh，you are really his big fan.
1．—Where are the children？The dinner's going to be completely ruined.
—I wish they ______ （not be）always late.
2．Maybe if I ______ （study）science，and not literature then，I would be able to give you more help.
3．We ______ （put）John's name on the race list yesterday but for his recent injury.
4．If she ______（come）here tomorrow，she ______（tell）me that.We know she will fly to Beijing tomorrow.
5．If I ______（see）him tomorrow，I will give it to him.
6．I wish I ______（have）a room of my own when I was a boy.
7．I wish I ______（go）to university next year，so now I must study much harder.
8．I suggested that he ______（go）there at once.
9．He insisted he ______（send）to the city.
10．His expression suggested that he ______（pass）the test.
11．I was ill yesterday.Otherwise，I ______（take）part in the sports meeting.
12．If only I ______（see）the film.
13．You ______（come）to the conference yesterday.What was the reason for your absence?
14．I ______（work）out the problem，but I was too nervous.
15．They insisted that the boy ______（go）with them.
1. It was in 1969 ______ two Americans went to the moon by spaceship. A. when B. that C. at that time D. just then
2. we first heard of the man referred to as a computer specialist in software. w.w.w.k.s.5A. It was Hilary that B. That it was from Hilary
D. It was from Hilary that
C. It was from Hilary whom 3.He is a good student，and works very hard；.
A. so it is with her
A. as B. so was she C. so she is D. neither does she w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m4.Was it when you were talking with a friend under the tree ______ your bike was gone? B. where B. which C. which C. what D. that D. while 5. Is it the burning of more fossil fuels ______ is resulting in this increase in carbon dioxide ?
6. Only after I had known him for some time to appreciate his real worth.
A. do I begain B. did I begin C. I began D. had I begun
7.So quickly ____ popular that some people who think his style is vulgar（庸俗的）are worried.
A. has Xiao Shengyang become
C. had Xiao Shengyang become B. Xiao Shenyang has become D. Xiao Shenyang became
8. There ____ .
A. come they
--______, I think.
A. Because of his unique style
C. His unique style B. As a result of his unique style D. Because he invented his unique style B. they come C. they are come D. they will come 9.--What do you think makes the painter so well received?
10. The witness suggested that the cheat _________ in prison.
A. referred to be put B. refer to be put C. referred to put D. was referred to put
11.--How was the televised debate last night?
--Super! Rarely ______ so much media attention.
A. a debate attracted
C. a debate did attract B. did a debate attract D. attracted a debate
12.--Tomorrow is a holiday. Why are you doing your homework now?
--I am doing these exercises so that I won’t have
A. to B. it C. them D. for
13. It was too noisy outside. Not until _______ at the top of my voice _______ his head.
A. I shouted; had he turned
C. had I shouted; he turned
A. nor do I B. I do neither B. did I shout; did he turn D. I shouted; did he turn C. nor will I D. I will nor 14. If you don’t tell him the true story, _______________.
15.--What do you think made him so excited?
--_____in the English competition.
A. Winning the first prize
C. He won the first prize
--I guess, there are only few, . B. Won the first prize D. Because he won the first prize 16.--Are there any English story books for us students in the library?
A. if any
A. they heard B. if have B. they had heard C. if some C. did they hear D. if has D. had they heard 17. No sooner the news than they rushed out into the street.
18.________ that saw the rise of quite a number of famous women writers in China, such as Zhang Ailing, Xiao Hong and so on.
A. During the first half of the 20th century B. That it was in the first half of the 20th century
C. It was in the first half of the 20th century D. It was the first half of the 20th century
19.--I' m sorry; I shouldn't have been so rude to you.
--You___________ your temper but that's OK
A. did lose B. have lost C. had lost D. were losing
20. I have recently discovered that _____ is the people you surround yourself with that matters most in life. A. what B. it C. who D. that
Paul Lucas can often be seen to be walking around the city of San Francisco. Sometimes people are surprised to see him walking 1.________ any shoes or socks, 2.________ Lucas doesn't mind at all. 3.________ likes to walk barefoot, and so do 640 other members of Dirty Sole Society, the club that Lucas 4.________ (start) years ago. Lucas' idea for this is to encourage others to live 5.________ (free)—free of shoes.
According to Lucas, the barefoot life has many advantages. 6.________ most important is simply that it feels good. He also says 7.________ walking barefoot allows you to experience the world directly by touching it with your feet. 8.________ addition, the feet do not smell as much because they stay dry, making it hard for bacteria to grow. And, of course, 9.________ (walk) barefoot keeps your feet in good shape, so it's actually 10.________ (healthy) than wearing shoes.
Alice, a shark that lives at the National Sea Life Centre in England, did not start out life as a vegetarian. When she1.________ (bring) in from Florida in 2009, she was happily eating any seafood.
2.________， that changed in a few months, and she suddenly stopped eating completely. Deeply
3.________ (concern), the centre officials took her in for an X-ray, 4.________ showed that a fishing hook was hiding deep inside her mouth. So they took her to see a doctor who realized the only way to save the shark was performing 5.________ rather risky operation. 6.________ (fortune), things went really well.But just when everybody was happy about the shark's recovery, the history-making shark began changing her eating habit, instead, 7.________ (prefer) to use her sharp teeth to eat vegetables! Although this may sound good, it is not really good 8.________ Alice's health because vegetables cannot provide enough protein that she needs to survive. Shark experts all over the world are confused at Alice's 9.________and they guess that 10.________ may have something to do with the wound the hook caused. But unless she speaks up, nobody is really going to know the real reason.
强调句的基本句型是“It is/was＋被强调的部分＋ that/who＋其他部分”。被强调的部分可以是主语、宾语和状语等。强调句型的使用特点主要有以下几个方面：
(1)被强调的是状语或状语从句时，要用that引导从句，而不能用which，而且通常不能省略。 It was in the park that I met him.
It was in 1964 that the first telephone satellite was set up by the Group of 17 Countries. 17国集团发射第一颗电话卫星是在1964年。
Was it you that/who let out the secret to her?
It was I who put forward the theory first.
It was Madame Curie and her husband who discovered radium.
It is the PLA men who/that are safeguarding our country day and night.是解放军战士日夜保卫着我们的祖国。
It is/was not until...that从句，即not和until在强调句中总是紧挨着的。注意习惯上不用not till，而且从句不能用when引导。
It was not until the last operation was finished that Bethune left the battle hospital.
When was it that he made up his mind to take this course?
Why is it that he doesn’t like the book?
Was it in 1939 that the Second World War broke out?
Who was it that broke the window？打破窗户的是谁？
When was it that you called me yesterday?
What is it that you want me to do？你要我干什么？
It was at midnight that I got back home yesterday.
It was midnight when I got here yesterday.
①有些时间、条件、方式、让步状语从句中，如果从句的主语和主句主语一致或从句的主语为it，而且从句的谓语动词又包含be，就可以省略从句中的“主语＋be”部分。 While (I was) in Beijing，I paid a visit to the Great Wall.
If (you are) asked，you may come in.
She stood at the gate as if (she was) waiting for someone.
Though cold，he still wore a shirt.
②还有诸如：if so(如果如此)；if any(如果有)；if in need(如果需要)；if necessary(如果有必要)。 Errors，if (there are) any，should be corrected.
Come tomorrow if (it is) possible.有可能的话明天来。
Get up early tomorrow，if not (you don’t get up early)，you will miss the first bus.
He may not be at home then，if so (he is not at home)，leave him a note.那时他可能不在家，如果这样给他留个字条吧。
(2)I’m afraid，I think，I believe，I hope，I guess等作答句，后面跟so与not分别等于肯定或否定，宾语从句可省去。
—Do you think it will rain?
—I hope not (that it will not rain)．
—Do you believe our team will win?
—I guess so.
I asked him to see the film，but he didn’t want to.
I didn’t want to go there，but I had to.
—Will you join in the game？你愿意加入做游戏吗？
—I’d be glad to.我很高兴。
④如果不定式中含有be，have，have been，通常保留be，have或have been。
—Are you a sailor？你是海员吗？
—No，but I used to be.不，但我过去是。
must作“一定，准是”讲，可首先将句子改为“I am sure that从句，反意疑问部分的动词形式根据be sure后的宾语从句的谓语动词形式确定。
You must be hungry now，________？→I am sure that you are hungry，aren’t you？→You must
be hungry now，aren’t you?
You must have heard about it，________？→I am sure that you have heard about it，haven’t you？→You must have heard about it ，haven’t you?
You must have watched that football match last night，________？→I am sure that you watched that football match last night，didn’t you？→You must have watched that football match last night，didn’t you?
I don’t believe he will succeed，will he?
Tom doesn’t believe Jack will succeed，does he?
Let us...，＋will you?
Open the door，will/won’t you？打开门，好吗？
Let’s go out for a walk，shall we？我们出去散步，好吗？
Let us go home now，will/won’t you?
1．(2009年浙江卷)—I’ve read another book this week.
—Well，maybe________is not how much you read but what you read that counts.
【解析】 句意为：——这星期我又读了一本书。——嗯，也许重要的不是你看了多少，而是看了什么。考查强调句：It is/was＋被强调部分＋that从句，故选D。
2．(2009年江西卷)It was________he came back from Africa that year________he met the girl he would like to marry.
C．not until；that D．only；when
【解析】 句意为：直到那年从非洲回来他才遇到那个他想与之结婚的女孩。本题考查强调句型It be not until时间状语＋that...，被强调的部分是时间状语，且含有“直到„„才”的意思，故选C。
3．(2009年江西卷)Some of you may have finished unit one.________，you can go on to unit two.
A．If you may B．If you do
C．If not D．If so
4．(2009年湖南卷)Every evening after dinner，if not________from work，I will spend some time walking my dog.
A．being tired B．tiring
C．tired D．to be tired
5．(2009年江苏卷)—What’s the matter with Della?
—Well，her parents wouldn’t allow her to go to the party，but she still________.
A．hopes to B．hopes so
C．hopes not D．hopes for
【解析】 句意为：——Della怎么了？——哦，她父母不让她去参加晚会，但她仍然希望去参加。本句属省略句，完整形式应为：...，but she still hopes to go to the party.
6．(2009年湖南卷)Please do me a favor— ________my friend Mr Smith to Youth Theater at 7∶30 tonight.
A．to invite B．inviting
7．(2009年湖南卷)You and I could hardly work together，________？
A．could you B．couldn’t I
C．couldn’t we D．could we
8．(2009年辽宁卷)It’s the first time that he has been to Australia，________？
A．isn’t he B．hasn’t he
C．isn’t it D．hasn’t it
【解析】 句意为：这是他第一次到澳大利亚，不是吗？It’s the first time that...是固定句型，反意疑问句的构成需依据主句的主语和谓语而定。
9．(2009年安徽卷)________a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project.
A．It has B．They have
C．It remains D．There remains
【解析】 句意为：关于那个工程的实用价值，人们还是心存某种疑虑。There remains...之后省略了to be，意为“仍然有„„”。
10．(2009年陕西卷)He must be helping the old man to water the flowers，________？
A．is he B．isn’t he
C．must he D．mustn’t he
【解析】 句意为：他一定正在帮助那位老人浇花，不是吗？本题考查反意疑问句，做题思路为：He must be helping the old man to water the flowers.＝I’m sure he is helping the old man to water the flowers.从而得出反意部分用：isn’t he?
1．(2010届安徽芜湖一中一模)—What were you trying to prove to the police?
—________I was last night.
【解析】 此处是一个省略回答。完整的句子是I was trying to prove to the police where I was last night。即我极力想要向警方证明我昨天晚上在什么地方。其他选项语意不通顺。
2．(2010届山东济宁一中反馈练习)—The patient looks much better.________is it that has made him________he is today?
—Perhaps the special medicine and his family’s patient care.
【解析】 考查强调句型和名词性从句。解决本题的关键是将句子结构理清楚，还原成陈述句为“It is________that has made him________he is today”。再结合语意“病人好多了，是什么使他成为现在这个样子”可知，选C。
3．(2010届云南师大附中月考)—________he dropped out of school?
—His family had run into financial difficulties.
A．Why was it that B．Why was that
C．Why was that it D．Why was it
4．(2010年福建四地六校第三次联考)It was the skills________he had acquired at his training period________enabled him to get such a high post in that worldfamous company.
【解析】 考查定语从句和强调句。第一空的that引导定语从句，并在从句中作acquired的宾语；第二空的that与句首的It was构成强调句的基本结构。
5．(2009年沈阳检测)—________that made Mrs White so upset?
—Her son’s making trouble in the school.
A．Where was it B．Why was it
C．How was it D．What was it
6．(2009年南京检测)—________is it that you bought the new car?
7．(2009年青岛一模)—Where did you meet the famous actress?
—It was in the supermarket________we went shopping last Sunday.
8．(2009年南昌二模)The police were seeking more information to find out________the rich merchant.
A．who it was that killed
B．who was it that killed
C．it was who killed
D．who was it killed
【解析】 考查强调句型。强调句型的疑问句结构为：疑问词＋is it＋that...而这里是强调句的疑问句结构作宾语，故用正常的陈述语序，所以答案为A。
9．(2009年烟台检测)He is rather difficult to make friends with，but his friendship，________，is more true than any other.
A．once gained B．when to gain
C．after gaining D．while gaining
【解析】 这里“once gained”是once the friendship is gained的省略，由此可知，the friendship与gain之间存在“被动关系”，所以这里选A。
10．(2010届山东潍坊月考)Girls used to take fewer advanced math courses than boys but now they are taking just________.
A．as much B．too much
C．as many D．too many
【解析】 考查形容词的比较等级和省略。本句补充完整为“Girls used to take fewer advanced math courses than boys but now they are taking just as many advanced math courses as boys”，故答案为C。
11．(2010届浙江嘉兴一中摸底测验)________we move the picture over there？Do you think it will look better?
A．If only B．What if
C．As if D．Even if
【解析】 what if “要是„„怎么样？”if only常引导虚拟条件句或感叹句。根据语意可知应选B项。
12．(2010届绵阳中学期中测试)________Chinese which city is famous for ice and snow，and the answer is sure to be Harbin.
A．If you ask a B．Asked some
C．Ask any D．Having asked ever
【解析】 考查“祈使句＋and/or＋结果分句”句型。该句型中祈使句用动词原形，祈使句相当于一个条件状语从句，本句可改为If you ask any Chinese which city is famous for ice and snow，the answer is sure to be Harbin.注意：改成条件状语从句时主句前没有连词and。
13．(2009年青岛二模)—I hear Alice was badly injured in the accident and sent to hospital. —________，we should go and see her immediately.
A．If so B．When necessary
C．On condition that D．Believe it or not
【解析】 句意为：——我听说Alice在事故中受伤严重，并且被送进了医院。——如果是那样的话，我们应该马上去看她。if so表示“如果这(那)样的话„„”；when necessary表示“有必要时„„”；on condition that表示“如果„„”；believe it or not表示“信不信由你”。根据题意可知选A。
14．(2009年龙岩检测)—How are you getting on with your English?
—Oh，great.Things are going as well as________.
C．planned D．to plan
【解析】 考查省略。as well as planned意思是“如计划的那样”，相当于as well as they are planned。
15．(2009年金华模拟)—Will you go home tomorrow evening?
—No，I am going to a lecture，or at least I am planning________.
【解析】 考查省略。用不定式符号to代替整个不定式to go to a lecture。