1 see，hear，notice，find，feel，listen to，look at (感官动词)+ do
eg: I like watching monkeys jump.
2 (比较级 and 比较级)表示越来越……
3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)补:a place of interest 名胜
4 agree with sb. 赞成某人
5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一种/样
6 all over the world = the whole world 整个世界
7 along with 同……一道，伴随……
eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去
The students planted trees along with their teachers. 学生同老师们一起种树。
8 As soon as 一……就……
9 as you can see 你是知道的
10 ask for ……求助向……要……(直接接想要的东西) eg: ask you for my book
11 ask sb. for sth. 向某人什么
12 ask sb. to do sth. 询问某人某事 ask sb. not to do sth. 叫某人不要做某事
13 at the age of 在……岁时
eg:I am sixteen. I am at the age of sixteen.
14 at the beginning of ………的起初;……的开始
15 at the end of +地点/+时间最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day
16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候补:at least 至少
17 be /feel confident of sth. /that clause + 从句感觉/对什么有信心，自信
eg: I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test
18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时
19 be able to (+ v.原) = can (+ v.原)能够……
eg: She is able to sing. She can sing. 补:base on 以……(为)根据
20 be able to do sth. 能够干什么 eg: She is able to sing.
21 be afraid to do (of sth. 恐惧，害怕……
eg: I'm afraed to go out at night. I'm afraid of dog.
22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么
eg: I'm allowed to watch TV. 我被允许看电视。
I should be allowed to watch TV. 我应该被允许看电视。
23 be angry with sb. 生某人的气 eg: Don't be angry with me.
24 be angry with (at) sb. for doing sth. 为什么而生某人的气
25 be as …原级… as 和什么一样 eg: She is as tall as me. 她和我一样高。
26 be ashamed to
27 be away from 远离
28 be away from 从……离开
29 be bad for 对什么有害
eg: Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes. 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好。
30 be born 出生于
31 be busy doing sth. 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth. 忙于……
32 be careful 当心;小心 be close to …离……很近
33 be different from …和……不一样
34 be famous for 以……著名
35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好
36 be from = come from 来自
eg:He is from Bejing. He comes from Bejing.
Is he from Bejing? Does he come from Bejing?
37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满
eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water
38 be glad + to do/从句做某事很高兴
39 be going to + v.(原)打算，计划，准备……
40 be good at(+ doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……
41 be good for 对什么有好处
eg: Reading aloud is good for your English.
42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事
43 be helpful to sb. 对某人有好处
eg: Reading aloud is helpful to you. 大声朗读对你有好处。
Exercising is helpful to your bady. 锻炼对你的身体有好处。
44 be in good health 身体健康
45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble
46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣
47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到
48 be like 像…… eg: I'm like my mother.
49 be mad at 生某人的气
50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 补:be made in 在……生产或制造
51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)
52 be not sure 表不确定
53 be on a visit to 参观
54 be popular with sb. 受某人欢迎补:be please with 对…感到满意
55 be quiet 安静
56 be short for 表……的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰
57 be sick in bed 生病在床
58 be sorry to do sth. be sorry for sb. eg: I am sorry for you.
59 be sorry to hear that
60 be sorry to trouble sb.
eg: I am sorry to trouble you.
61 be strict in doing sth. 严于做某事 eg: He's strict in obeying noles
62 be strict with sb. 对某人要求严格
eg: Some students are not strict with them selves. 这些学生对自己不严格。
63 be strict with sb in sth. 某方面对某人严格
64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么
65 be sure 表确定
66 be sure of doing sth. 对做某事有信心
eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well
67 be sure of sth. 对做某事有信心
eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher). 我相信我的大脑(老师)。
68 be sure that sth. 对做某事有信心
eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test. 我相信他能通过考试。
69 be sure to do sth. 一定会做某事
eg: We are sure to pass the test. 我们一定会通过这次考试
We are sure to learn English well. 我们一定能学好英语。
70 be terrified of + 名/动 doing 害怕……
71 be terrified to do sth. 害怕做某事
72 be the same as …和什么一样
73 be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事
eg: My father is used to getting up early. 我爸爸习惯早起。
He is used to sleeping in class. 他习惯上课睡觉.
He is used to working hard.
He is used to hard work. 他习惯努力工作
74 be worth doing 值得做什么
75 be (feel) afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事
be afraid of sth. 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句
76 because + 句子 because of + 短语
eg: He was late because he had a headache.
He was late because of his headache.
77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事
with … = begin … with …以……开始…… start …
eg: Let's begin the game with the song. I begin to go home.
78 between … and …两者之间
79 borrow sth. from sb. 向……借……
lend sth. to sb. lend sb. sth. 借给……什么东西
eg: I borrowed a pen from him. He lent a pen to me (he lent me a pen).
80 both = the same (as) = not different (from) 表相同
81 bother 打扰 bother sb. to do sth. 补:both … and ………和……都
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station
The problem has been bothering me for weeks. 这个问题困扰了我几个周了。
He's bothering me to lend him money.
82 by the end of 到……为止
83 call sb. sth. eg: We call him old wang.
84 care 关心
eg: Don't you care about this country's future? 你为什么不关心国家的未来。
85 catch up with sb. 赶上某人
86 chat with sb. 和某人闲谈 take sb. to + 地点带某人去某地
87 come in 进来
88 come over to 过来
89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea? 你能想出一个好办法吗,
90 communicate with sb. 和某人交流
91 consider + doing 考虑做……
eg: Why not consider going to lu zhou? 为什么不考虑去泸州,
92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg: She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞。
93 decide to do sth. 决定做某事
94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查
95 do better in 在……方面做得更好补:do well in 在……方面干的好
96 do wrong 做错补:droup off 放下(某物)
97 Don't forget to do sth. 不要忘了做某事。
98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词. 不要介意……。
99 each + 名(单)每一个……
eg: Each student has many books. 每一个学生都有一些书。
100 end up + doing
101 enjoy + doing 喜欢
102 escape from 从……逃跑
eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison. 犯人从监狱里逃跑出来。
Some gas is escaping from the pipe. 有一些气体从管子里冒出。
103 expect to do sth. 期待做某事
104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从……摔下来
105 fall in love with sb. /sth. 爱上……
106 far from 离某地远 eg: The school is far from my home
107 find + it + adj. + to do 发现做某事……
108 find sb./sth. +adj. 发现什么…… eg: I find the book interesting.
109 finish + doing(名词)完成做……
110 fit to sb. = be fit for sb. 适合某人
111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了
eg: Don't forget to go home. I forget closing door.
112 from … to …从某某到某某 eg: from me for her
113 get /have sth. down 做完，被(别人)做……
eg: I have my hair cut. 我理了发(头发被剪了)。
Tom got his bad tooth pulled out. 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)。
114 get a part-time job = find a part-time job
115 get along well with sb. = get on well with sb. 与某人相处得好
116 get along with sb. = get on with sb. 与某人相处
117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备
eg: I get ready for math. I am ready for math. 补:get … bake 退还……
118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦
119 get sb. to do sth. get out of 从……取出
120 get … from …从某处得到某物
121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall.
122 give sth to sb. give sb sth. 给某人某物
123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳补:go over 过一遍;仔细检查
124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事
125 go out away from go out of
126 go to school 上学(用于专业的) go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学)
127 good way to 好方法
128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事
129 have a party for sb. 举办谁的晚会
130 have a talk 听报告谈一谈
131 have been doing 现在完成进行时
eg: You have been talking You have been sleeping since
132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方
have gone to …(地方)去了某地还没回来
had better(not) do sth. 最好(不要)做某事
133 have fun + doing 玩得高兴
134 have sth to do 有什么事要做
eg: I have a lot of homework to do. 我有很多家庭作业要做。
I have nothing to do. 我没什么事情做。
135 have to do sth. 必须做某事 have sth. done 请某人做某事
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth. 做什么事情有麻烦
137 have … time + doing have no time to do sth. 没有时间做某事
138 have …(时间) … off 放……假 eg: I have month off. 我请一个月得假。
139 hear sb. +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事
140 help a lot 很大用处
141 help sb. with sth \one's sth. 帮助某人某事(某方面)
help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事
142 hope to do sth. 希望做某事
143 How about(+ doing)? = What about(+ doing)? (做)……怎么样,
144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法
145 if: 是否, whether
eg: I don't know if (whether) I should go to the party. 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会。
He don't know if (whether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning.
146 if: 如果，假如(全部接一般时态)，条件语态从句
eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain. 假如明天不下雨，我就去泸州。
If they change the plan they will let me know.
I'll go to England, if I have enough money next year.
147 in one's opinion = sb. think 某人认为
148 in some ways 在某些方面
149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后
150 in the north of …什么在什么的北方(north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东)
151 in the sun 在阳光下
152 increase 增加
eg: They've increased the prece of petrol by 3%. 他们把石油价增加了3%。
The population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million
153 instead of +(名)代替
eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear. 我想要苹果，而不要梨子。
I like English instead of math. 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学。
154 introduce sb. to sb. 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍
155 invite sb to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth. 做某人花掉某人多少时间。
eg: It took me 5 minutes to do my homework. It takes me half an hour to
157 It's + adj. + for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事怎么样。
158 It's + adj. + to do 做某事怎么样。
159 It's + adj. for sb. 对于某人来说怎么样。 It's + adj. of sb. 对某人来说太怎么样。
160 It's + adj.(for sb.) to do sth.(对某人来说)做某事怎么样。
It's + adj. of sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事太怎么样。
eg: It's nice of you to help me with my English.
161 It's a good idea for sb. to do sth. 对……来说是个好主意。
162 It's important to sb. 对某人来说很重要。eg: It's important to me.
163 It's time to do sth. It's time for sth. 到了该去做某事的时间。
eg: It's time to have class. It's time for class. 该去上课了。
164 join = take part in 参加
165 just now 刚才
166 keep +sb. /sth.+ adj. /介词短语让什么保持……
167 keep out 不让……进入
168 keep sb adj. 让……保持……
eg: I want to keep my mother happy. keep healthy 保持健康
169 key to +名词表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案
170 key to … answer to … key 可以是答题或钥匙
171 laugh at …取笑…… eg: Don't langh at others. We langhed at the
172 learn by oneslfe 自学 learn from 向……学习
173 learn from sb. 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from Lei Feng.
174 learn to do sth. 学做某事 learn something by heart 背诵记熟
175 let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 lend something to somebody 把某物借给某人
176 iet sb. down 让某人失望
eg:We shouldn't let our farents down. 我们不应该让我们的父母失望。
177 live from :离某地远
178 live in + 大地方 /at + 小地方居住在某地
eg: I live in LuZhou. She lives at XuanTan.
179 look after = take care of 照顾照看
180 lose one's way 谁迷路 eg: Lose your way 你迷路
181 make a decision to do sth. 决定做某事补:make a contribution to doing 贡献给
182 make friends with sb. 和谁成为朋友 eg: I want to make friends with you.
183 make it early 把时间定的早一点
184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相
185 make sb. /n. + n. 使……成为……
eg: I made her my step moller. I made you my wife.
186 make sb. /sth. +adj. 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg: You must made your bed clean.
187 make sb. /sth. adj. 使某人/某物怎么样
188 make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 eg: I made him write. 我以前让他写。
189 make up one's mind
190 make … difference to …
191 mind sb. to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么
192 most + 名 most of + 代
193 much too + 形容词
194 must be 一定
195 need +名词
196 need sb. do sth. 需要某人做某事
197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词)
198 no /neithr of hate to do no /neithr of hate doing
199 no + 名词
200 not anymore = no more 再也不……
eg: He didn't cry any more. He cried no more. 他再也不哭。
201 not … (形、副)at all eg: He's not tall at all. she doesn't junp far at
202 not …at all 一点都不 not only … but also …不但……而且……
203 not … either 表否定，也不
eg: I don't speak Japanse, either. I don't have sister, either. 我也没有姐姐
204 not … until 直到……才……
eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back.
The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar.
205 offer / provide sb. with sth. 给某人提供
206 offer sb. sth. ( offer sth to sb. 提供什么东西给某人
eg: I offer you water (I offer water to you). 我给你提供水。
207 on one's way to …在谁去那的路上
208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面
209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈
210 on time 准时 in time 及时
211 one day , some day , someday 一天，有一天
212 one of + 可数名词的复数形式
213 one to another 一个到另一个
214 over and over agin 一遍又一遍的 eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin.
215 part-time job 兼职工作 fall-time job 全职工作
216 pay for …付……钱 pay the bill 给钱，付钱
217 please + do pull … up from …把……从……拉上来
218 please help yourself
219 pleased with sb.
220 pool into = pore into
221 practice + doing 练习做某事
222 prefer sth. to sth. 相对……更喜欢……
eg: I prefer physics to chemisty. 在物理和化学中，我更喜欢物理。
prefer doing to sth. 更喜欢去做……不愿意去做……
eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving. 他更喜欢骑自行车，不开小车。
prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿做…也不愿
eg: My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one.
prefer sb. not to do sth. 更愿意……
eg: I prefer her not to come. 我不喜欢她不来。
223 pretend to do sth. 装着去做什么 pretend that 从句
eg: The two cheats pretended to be working very hard. 这两个骗子装着努力工作。
He pretended that he did not know the answer. 他装着不知道答案。
224 rather … than 宁可……也不……
eg: I would rather be a doctor than a teacher. 我愿肯当医生，也不当老师。
He likes dogs rather than cats. 他喜欢狗，不喜欢猫。
225 regard … as 把……当作……
eg: Please give my best regards to your family. 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候。
I regard you as my friend. 我把你当作我的朋友。
He shows little regard for others. 他不爱关心别人。
226 remid sb. about sth.提醒某人什么事 remid sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
eg: He remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook). 他提醒我做饭。
227 remid sb. of sth.使某人想起什么
eg: The pictures remind me of my school days. 这照片使我想起了我的学校。
The words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother.
228 return sth. to sb. 还什么东西给某人
229 say to oneself 对自己说
230 say to sb. 对某人说
231 sb spend somemoney on sth 花了多少钱在某事上
232 sb spend sometime with sb 花了多少时间陪谁
233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事
234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are
235 see sb do 看见某人做过某事 see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事
236 seem to do/be +adj 显得怎么样 eg : You seem to be tired You seem to be
happy it seem that
237 send +sb sth 送给某人某物
239 shock 使……震惊 eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock 啊，是你呀～吓我一跳
240 show sb sth 向某人展示某物 eg : I show her the book.
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb 拿什么东西给某人看 eg: Show me your pen Show your
pen to me
242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物 eg : I show the book to her.
244 start…with…从……开始 begin…with…从……开始
245 stay away from 远离…… start doing sth/start to dosth 开始做某事
eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo 当我们参观zoo
If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food
246 stop doing 停下正在做的事
247 stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事
248 stop sb(from) doing 阻止某人做某事
249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事
250 such +名这样，这种
251 suit sb 适合某人
252 surprise sb 使某人惊奇 to one's surprise 令某人惊奇
253 take classes 上课 take one's temperature 给某人量体温
254 take sb to 把某人带去 eg : I take you to the hospital
255 take walks = take a walk , go for a walk 散步
256 ?talk to 对谁说 eg : I talk to you ? talk with 和谁说 eg : I talk
? talk of 谈到 eg : we talked of you ? talk about 谈论关于……
257 talk with sb 和某人说话
258 teach sb sth 教某人做某事
259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事
260 tell sb sth tell sb that 丛句 tell sb not to do sth tell a
261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事
262 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么 tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么
263 tell…from… thank to幸亏，由于
264 thank you for +doing thank sb for sth 因某事而感谢某人
265 the same +名词(doing)+as…… the more… the more…越…就越…
266 the same…(名)…as as…(adj adv)…as 相同
267 the way to do sth,the way of doing sth 做某方面的方法 the day before yesterday 前天
the way to +地方去哪的路
e g : Do you know the way to learn English
Do you know the way of learning English
268 the way to…(地点)到哪的路
269 too…to…太怎样而不能…… adj +enough to 足够…能… so…that +丛句太…所以…(such+名词…that+从句)
eg: He is too young to go to school = He is so young that he can't go to
He is old enough to go to school , He is so old that he can go to school
270 transalte ……into……把什么翻译成什么 eg : Trasalte English into chinese
271 travel with sb 和某人去旅游
272 try one's best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力去做某事 eg: I will try my best to learn
273 try to do sth 想干什么，但没成功 try doing sth 想干什么，已经做过了
eg :He tried to climb 他想爬上去，但没成功 He tried climbing 他想爬上去，已经做过了
274 try…试衣服 have a try 试一下
275 turn down 开小?? turn up 开大
276 turn off 关上?? turn on 打开 open 拆开
277 upside down 倒着 nuless=if not
278 visit to…参观某个地方
279 wait for sb 等某人
280 wait for sb to do sth 等某人做什么 wait for sb 等某人 wait for sometime 等多少间
eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready 等我准备好，好吗,
Let's wait for the rain to stop 让我们等雨停吧
281 wake sb up 把某人叫醒 282 want to do sth 想做某事
283 watch sb do sth 观看某人做某事补:wear out把…穿坏
284 welcome to +…(地方)欢迎到……
285 what about +n /doing eg : what about an apple
286 what if 如果……怎么办 What if +句子
eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办,
What if aliens should come to the earth 假如外星人来到地球怎么办,
287 what they will do = what to do
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? = What's wrong ?有什么困难,
289 while +延续性动词
290 why don't you do = why not do
291 will you please do will you please not do
292 with one's best = with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下
293 with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下 with one's help
294 work at…在某处工作
295 work with sb 和某人一起工作
296 would like sth /to do sth eg : I would like to go to LuZhou
297 would you please +do 298 yet :至今，用在否定句中
299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = you'd better not do 最好不要做某事
300 不定式 +v(原)
302 名词、副词、形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前，名词副词放在之后
303 太多 too much +不可数 too many +可数 much too 相当于 very ，修饰形容词
304 向宾语提问:Whom 305 向地点提问:Where 306 向方式提问:How
307 向价格和不可数名词提问:How much 308 向可数名词提问:How many
309 向频率提问: How often 310 向时间段提问:How long
311 向时间提问:what time/when 312 向物主代词提问:Whose
313 向职业提问:what do/does……do 314 向主语提问: Who
315 在将来时中，……以后(用 in，一般时态中，……以后(用 after
316.It's time for sth. 该到做某事的时间了.
It's time to do sth.(It's time for sb. to do sth) 该到(某人)做某事的时间了.
317. can't wait to do sth. 迫不及待地要求做某事.
318. ask (tell)sb. (not )to do sth . 请(告诉)某人(不)做某事.
319. make/let sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事.
320. hear/see/sb. do sth 听见/看见某人做某事. 6. had better(not )do sth 最好不做某事.
better to do sth最好做某事 8. It's best to do sth最好做某事
321. enjoy 喜欢做某事 10. finish 结束做某事
322. keep 继续做某事 12. keep on doing sth. 继续做某事
323. carry on 继续做某事 14. go on 继续做某事
324. feel like 喜欢做某事
325. stop to do sth 与stop doing sth 停下来去做某事(与)停止做某事.
326. forget/remember to do 与 forget/remember doing sth.忘记/记得去做某事(与) 忘记/记得曾经做过事.
327. keep(precent,stop)sb. from doing sth阻止/防止/阻栏栽人做某事
328. prefer….to ……喜欢…..胜过……
329. prefer to do sth. rather than do ath.宁愿做某事,而不原做某事.
330. used to do sth.过去常常做某事.
331. What's wong with……? …..出了问题(事)?
332. have nothing to do with….. 与…..无关
333. be busy doing sth .在忙于做某事
334. too…..to….. 太……以致知于不……
335. so ……that ….. 如此….. 以致知于不……
336. such…..that……如此….. 以致知于不……
337. It take sb. some time to do sth .某人做某事用了一些时间.
338. spend …..on sth.(doing sth.)花钱/时间做某事.
339. pay…..for sth.花费(钱)买某物.
340. What /how about……? …….怎么样(好吗)?
341. would like to do sth .想要/愿意做某事..
342. I don't think that我认为……不…..
343. Why not do sth.? Why don't you do sth .?为什么不做某事呢?
344. What do you mean by….?你….是什么意思?
345. What do you think of …..(How do you like ….)你认为….怎么样?
346. Mike enjoys collecting stamps . So do I.迈克喜欢集邮.我也也喜欢.
347. The more, the better .越多越剧好.
348. Thanks for doing sth.谢谢你做了某事.
349. It is said that….. 据说…
350.感官动词 see, watch, observe, notice, look at, hear, listen to, smell, taste, feel +
do 表示动作的完整性，真实性;+doing 表示动作的连续性，进行性
I saw him work in the garden yesterday.
I saw him working in the garden yesterday.(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作)
one… the other 只有两个 some… the others有三个以上 one… another，
some… others，others… others = other people/things the others = the
2) 一定范围内两人(物)，一个用one，另一个用the other。
3) 一定范围内三者，一个用one，另一个用one (another)，第三个可用the other，a third。
4) 一定范围内，除去一部分人/物，剩余的全部用the others。时，也用others。
I for my mother buy a gift。 He very likes his pets。
My mother with my father visit my grandparents。
They tomorrow will go to Yinchuan。
在教学过程中，我发现英语的句子很像一个“人”，有“头发”，有“头”，有“脖子”，有“身材”，有些还有“领带”和“袜子”。 做句子“头发”的在英语中被称为定语，用来修饰名词，大致有贯词a，an，the，形容词性物主代词my，your，his，her，its，their，our，名词所有格my mother's，the color ，指示代词this，that，these，those和数量词a，ten，a pair of等。因为是“头发”，它们不能单独出现独立作句子的某一成分，而必须依附于某一名词之前，并和该名词一起构成句子的“头”。例如，
The sun，a man，my mother，his pen and so on。
我们的句子有了“头”，接下来让我们梳理一下句子的“脖子”。做句子“脖子”的在英语里面称其为谓语动词。它是英语家族里最庞大，变化也最丰富的一类词。他们决定了句子的时态。做句子“脖子”的大概有如下几类，be动词（就像一只长出六个指头的“人手”，伸展出is，am，are，was，were 和第六指 been），助动词＋V原，情态动词＋V原，实意动词（当主语是第三人称单数时，V+S；当句子是一般过去式时，V+ed；当句子是完成时时，要用have/has/had+V-en。
法里最活跃的一类词，其位置变化非常灵活。例如我们文章开头所举那几个例子中的错误就是它们所致，象for my mother，very，tomorrow，next month，in twenty years，on the desk，with my father and so on。程度副词和频率副词一般放在所修饰的动词前面，这和我们汉语的思考方式基本一致，所以一般不会出现太大的问题（但是very是个例外，当它修饰实意动词时，常常和much组合在一起放在句子的最后修饰谓语动词）。我和我的学生们称其为句子的“领带”。换句话说我们一般不会把“领带”当成“袜子”放在句末。而介词短语，时间副词和地点副词则通常位于句首或句末。这和我们汉语的习惯是孑然不同的。我们中国人喜欢含蓄和迂回的讲话，所以习惯把不重要的东西放在句首或句中，而外国人喜欢直白的表达，因此他们把最重要的信息放在开头。而这种文化底蕴的差异，却正好成了中国人学习英语的一个难点和障碍。我和我的学生们在学习这一部分的时候，当介词短语，时间副词和地点副词置于句末时，学生们一眼就能看出而且马上喊出来那是句子的“袜子”，而放在句首，我告诉学生们那是写这个句子的人要告诉我们他的“袜子”真的很臭，也就是说他想强调这一部分。在写作的时候我更是强调千万不可把“袜子”当作“领带”放在谓语动词之前，主语之后，也就是说避免犯句子开头出现的那几个错误。在欢乐与和谐的认识“人”的氛围中，我们快乐的体会着英语句型，也尝试着捏出我们自己的象模象样的“泥人”来，真正的体验着在快乐中学习，在实践中快乐。
结构 头发 头 领带 脖子 身材 袜子 S+V Mary comes
S+V+P A bird is singing
S+V+O He sometimes washes clothes S+V+o+O My dad told me a story
S+V+O+c Her mother never goes to work by bike
Worrying about our problems can affect how we do at school。
My biggest problem is that I am too busy。
还有时间状语从句和条件状语从句，它们放在主句之前或之后，但它们同样符合这些规则。只是我们要找准主句和从句，即“母亲”和“婴儿”。 If it rains tomorrow，my father will not go 。
一．There be + sth (sb) +swh
There is nothing new in today‟s newspaper.
二．So + 倒装结构
1. If you fly to Japan for vacation, so will I.
2. “Yesterday was really cold.”
“So it was, and so is it today.”
Tom didn‟t believe a word he said and neither did the police.
Either… or … 要么。。。要么。。。
Not only…but (also)…不但。。。而且。。。
1.She can both speak and write Japanese.
I work both on sunny days and on rainy ones.
2. You are either with me or against me.
Either you or he has made the mistake.
3. Neither father nor mother would agree to your plan.
There is neither air nor water on the moon.
4. Not only is she pretty but also kindhearted.
Not only did the dog bark at him, but (it) bit him.
He is famous not only for his talent but (also) for his kindness.
五．Not… until (till) … 直到。。。才。。。
1. I won't be comfortable until I know what happened.
2.Not until last night did I get the news.
3．Not until his friend offered to help could he do it.
六．Too … to… 太。。。而不能。。。
1. He walked too slowly to catch up with me.
2.He is too tired to walk anymore.
1. One is never too old to learn.
2. many stars are too far away for us to see.
七．Such … that…
So …that …
1. Jim is such a smart boy that everyone likes him.
2. The boy so smart that everyone likes him.
He has so few friends that his life is lonely.
3. He did the work so badly that I had to do it all over again myself.
八．…enough to do …
I'm old enough to have the freedom to do as I like.
He ran fast enough to catch the thief.
Not as (so) …as …. 不比。。。
1.The streets were as noisy as ever.
2.The journey was not as nice as we had expected.
# John is as care ful as you.
=John is as careful a student al you.
# English isn‟t so difficult as science .
= Science is more difficult than English.
= English is less difficult than science.
1.He is the tallest in his class.
He is taller than any other student in his class.
He is taller than any of the other students in his class.
He is taller than anyone else in his class.
Nobody is taller than he (him).
2.I‟ve never met such a good teacher.
I‟ve never met a better teacher than he.
He is the best teacher that I have ever met.
十一。The +比较级 +从句，the +比较级+主句。
The harder you work, the better grades you‟ll get.
十二。Here comes …
There goes ….
1. Look, here comes the bus! 看，汽车来了。
2. listen, there goes the bell! 听，铃响了。
In ten years,our life will be richer and richer, and our hometown will become more and more beautiful.
十四。One of + the+最高级 +名词复数 最。。。之一
Mr Li is one of the most popular teachers in our school.
Give hand pass show tell write send offer pay return lend teach ( # +sb +sth # +sth+to+sb) Make do cook buy do draw sing get carry fatch find build ( # +sb +sth # +sth+for+sb) Ask sb sth =ask sth of bring sb sth =bring sth to/ for sb provide sb with sth =provide sth for sb.
Would you find the bag for me?
Linda returned the bike to me just now.
Would you please lend the dictionary to me?
Please hand the salt to me.
Do me a favour please.
十六。由what how 构成的感叹句
1. what + (a/ an) +adi +名词 +主谓
what an important news report it is !
what great fun (a great time ) they are having!
What beautiful birds those are!
2. how + adj/ adv +主谓
how important water is !
how carefully he writes!
How clever the boy is !
How clever a boy he is!
How time flies!
It is very unwise for the girl to marry him.
It is wrong of you to critisize the child.
The development of the Internet makes it convenient for people to communicate with each other.
It …..that (who)
It was Jane who won the lottery yesterday.
It was yesterday that Jane won the lottery.
I „m thinking about buying a new car.
Thanks for helping me .
2. 一些动词后 keep enjoy finish practice mind spend miss consider
It was very polite of you to keep her waiting so long.
Keep trying ,and you‟ll succeed!
enjoy singing, much more listening to music.
It took us a whole week to finish painting the home. 顶( 1 )它花去了我们整整一星期的时间才把房子粉刷好。
The teacher asks us to practice writing a lot.
Would you mind my sitting here?
I spend most of my time （in）surfing the Internet.
I had a sore throat so I had to miss going to the cinema.
Can‟t help/ be busy / be worth/ give up / put off / end up / have trouble (fun/ problems/ an experierce ) in doing
You can‟t help laughing at the sight of her.
I „ve been busy studying for a test these days.
The book is well worth reading.
The doctor asked him to give up smoking.
She keeps putting off going to the dentist.
You could end up running this company if you play your cards right.
The boy often has fun playing with a cute dog.
二十一。To + doing
Look forward to /be used to / prefer doing to doing / pay attention to
I/We will be there at six, and look forward to seeing you.
He is used to eating out all the time.
比较：I used to get up early and take an hour's walk before breakfast.
Stamps are used to send letters.
I prefer walking to cycling.
You must pay attention to listening to your teacher in the class.
1. 短语后 had better 最好。。。
Why not …为什么不。。。
Would you please….. 你可以。。。。
She lets her children play in the garden.
Her jokes made us all laugh.
Can you make yourself understood in English?
3. I‘ll have my uncle repair my computer
=I „ll have my computer repaired.(by my uncle)
二十三。感官动词 hear /see / watch / notice /feel # +sb +do /doing The shouting boy did not hear his mother call him.
Can you hear her singing?
1. stop to do /doing go on to do /doing
They stopped to talk when they met on the street.
We „re tired. Let‟s stop working / let „s stop to have a rest.
They would stop the rich from robbing the poor.
After it stopped raining, they went on playing soccer.
He went on to do chores after he watched TV.
2. forget to do / doing remember to do / doing
almost forget to pay the phone bill.
I'll never forget seeing my daughter dance in public for the first time. 我永远忘不了看著我女儿第一次当众跳舞的情景。
But I distinctly remember you promising to phone me!
Remember not to forget to lock the door when you leave.
Please remember me to your mother.
3. try to do / doing need to do / doing
From now on I will try to do better.
Don‟t try fooling her . she is very smart.
I need to sit down and rest .
The kind of flowers needs watering a lot.
Could you please tell me where he lives?
Do you know what‟s wrong with him?
If it rains tomorrow, we‟ll put off the match.
I won't go to the party unless I'm invited.
I don‟t know when he will arrive. I „ll tell the truth when he gets here. As soon as I have time, I will call you up.
二十七。It takes sb some time to do sth.
It took me three days to finish the project.
二十八。Best wishes to sb / for +节日
Best wishes to you for Women‟s Day.
句型 1:主语 ) +谓语,不及物动词 )
常见的动词如:work, swim, fish, jump, arrive, come, die, disappear, cry, happen等。如:
2) We have lived in the city for ten years.(自己分析)
句型 2主语 ) +系动词 ) +表语 )
(2)表示感官类的词有:be, look, seem, smell, taste, sound, feel 等。如:
2) He looked worried just now. (自己分析)
(3)表示变化类系动词有:become, turn, get, grow, go等。如:
2) The tree has grown much taller than before.
(4)保持类的有:keep , stay, remain
除了 be 动词,其他系动词只能加形容词作表语。系动词还可以加名 词,代词,介词短语或动词(用不定式或 -ing 形式)等做表语。 句型 3:) +谓语 ) +宾语 )
这种句型中的动词一般为及物动词 , 所谓及物动词,就是这种动 词后可以直接接宾语,其宾语通常由名词、代词、动词不定式、动名 词或从句等来充当。例:
2) Li Lei always helps me when I have difficulties. (代词 )
3) She plans to travel in the coming May Day.(不定式)
4) I don’t know what I should do next. (从句 )
注意:英语中的许多动词既是及物动词,又是不及物动词。 句型 4:Subject(主语 ) +Verb(谓语 ) +间接宾语 ) +直接宾语 )
这种句型中, 直接宾语为主要宾语, 表示动作是对谁做的或为谁 做的,在句中不可或缺,常常由表示 “ 物 ” 的名词来充当;间接宾语也 被称之为第二宾语,去掉之后,对整个句子的影响不大,多由指 “ 人 ” 的名词或代词承担。引导这类双宾语的常见动词有:buy, pass, lend, give, tell, teach, show, tell, send等。如:
1) Her father bought her a dictionary as a birthday present.
2) The old man always tells the children stories about the heroes in the Long March.
1) Her father bought a dictionary for her as a birthday present.
2) The old man always tells stories about the heroes to the children in the Long March.
句型 5:Subject(主语 ) +Verb (动词 ) +Object (宾语 ) +Complement(补 语 )
这种句型中的 “ 宾语 +补语 ” 统称为 “ 复合宾语 ” 。宾语补足语的 主要作用或者是补充、说明宾语的特点、身份等;或者表示让宾语去 完成的动作等。担任补语的常常是名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、 分词、动词不定式等。如:
1) You should keep the room clean and tidy. (形容词)
2) We made him our monitor.(名词 )
3) His father told him not to play in the street.(不定式 )
4) My father likes to watch the boys playing basketball.(现在分词 )
5) Yesterday I had a picture taken with two Americans.(过去分词 ) ● 常见的动词有 : tell, ask, advise, help, want, would like, order, force, allow等。
● 注意:动词 have, make, let, see, hear, notice, feel, watch等后面 所接的动词不定式作宾补时,不带 to 。如:
1) The boss made him do the work all day.老板让他整天做那项工 作。
2) I heard her sing in the next room all the time last night.
表递进或顺承，并列连词:and, not only...but also…, not…but…
表选择, 并列连词: or, either…or…
并列句 表转折, 并列连词: but, yet, whereas 句子
表因果, 并列连词: so, for
eg. The car disappeared.
The children are playing happily. 主语+谓语+宾语(S+Vt.+O)
eg. We are studying English.
I love my grandparents.
eg. We must keep our school clean.
I heard her sing an English song just now.
eg. My mother bought me a computer. ? My mother bought a computer for me.
I passed him the book.?I passed the book to him. ? 用介词 “to”的常见动词有:give, show, send, bring, read, pass, lend, leave, hand, tell, return,
write, throw, promise, refuse等。
? 用介词“for”的常见动词有:make, buy, do, get, order, sing, pay等。 主语+系动词+表语
eg. You are a student.
He became a famous doctor.
The apple tastes really delicious.
This kind of paper feels soft. 常见的系动词有:be(是), get(变得), become(成为), turn(变得), look(看起来), feel(摸起来), smell(闻起来), taste(尝起来), sound(听起来) .
表示递进或顺承关系:常用的并列连词有and, not only…but also…等。
eg. He had plenty of money and he spent it freely.
eg. Not only did he speak more correctly, but also he spoke more easily. 表示选择关系:常用的并列连词有or, either…or…等。
eg. Either you are right, or I am.
表示转折关系:常用的并列连词有but, yet, whereas等。
eg. Jane said she was ill, yet I saw her in the street just now. eg. Some of the studies show positive results, whereas others do not. 表示因果关系:常用的并列连词有so, for等。
eg. It must have rained last night, for it is wet all over. eg. The shops were closed, so I didn’t get any milk.
when还可用作并列连词，意为“这时，那时”，相当于and at this/that time. 常用于下列句
sb. was doing sth. when...; ?sb. was about to do/going to do/on the point of doing sth. when…;
? sb. had just done sth. when…。如
eg. We were having a meeting when someone broke in.
eg. Tom was about to close the window when his attention was caught by a bird. while作为并列连词，意为“而，却”，表示两个句之间的对比。
eg. He likes pop music, while I am fond of classical music. 练习:指出下列句子的句型结构
(1) This machine is in good condition.
(2) They wanted to have a rest.
(3) The train will leave soon.
(4) The news made me happy.
(5) She bought me a shirt.
(6) The garden smells pleasant.
(7) The water is boiling.
(8) He has a sister.
(9) My good friend gave an English dictionary to me yesterday. (10) I found it difficult to answer the question.
(11) Everything in the world is outside you but health belongs to yourself. (12) He has learned English for only one year, yet he can communicate with people in English.
(13) I have got a meeting to attend, so I have to go now. (14) Do it this way or you’ll be in trouble.
(15) That is the book that/which I want to read.
(16) I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing. (17) It is the third time that she has won the race, which has surprised us all. (18) Do you know that he has joined the army?
(19) My decision is that all of us are to start at 6 o’clock tomorrow.
(20) That we are invited to the concert this evening is good news to us. (21) What we need is a good textbook.
(22) The news that our football team won the match was encouraging. (23) I have heard a lot of good things about you since I came back from abroad.