（晋城职业技术学院 信息工程系，山西 晋城 048026）
vp－>!vp np ::$.内部结构=述宾，$.动词=%vp，$.宾语=%np，
$.谓语=是，...， %np.宾语=是， %vp.体谓准=体,...
（1）IF % vp.趋向=是 THEN %np.处所=是 ENDIF
（2）IF %np.内部结构=单词THEN %np.前动=否ENDIF
在规则中vp－>!vp np ::$.内部结构=述宾，$.动词=%vp，$.宾语=%np，$.谓语=是，...， %np.宾语=是， %vp.体谓准=体,... 
（1）IF % vp.趋向=是 THEN %np.处所=是 ENDIF
（2）IF %np.内部结构=单词THEN %np.前动=否ENDIF
a) 对实验结果进行分析，将错误率超过50％的规则提取出来，进行修改，转（2）； b) 直到没有要更改的规则为止。
Chinese Predicate-Objecgt Verb Phrase Recognition Based on Rules
(Department of Information Engineering,Jincheng institute of technology,Jincheng,shanxi
Abstract:Chinese syntax parsing had been widely researched.Verb phrase is an important part of the syntax parsing.This paper firstly defined predicate-object verb
phrase,constructed a system for predicate-object verb phrase recognition using rules.The experiment results proved that the system reached high precision and the rules are reliable.
Key Words:Predicate-Object verb phrase;Absolute rule;Relative rule;Recognition
We practice speaking English every day.
He is writing his composition now.
We will help you clean the house this afternoon.
We have learned English for 5 years.
The children had been taken good care of in the nursery for 6 months by last month.
Football is played all over the world.
式变化、动词“ing ”形式变化、过去分词形式变化。不定式短语及动词“ing ”形式短语在句
Traveling to other countries can help us understand one another better.
Seeing is believing.(To see is to believe.)
It ’s difficult to learn English well.
They suggest him going home at once.
However, the machine designed by Baggage was beyond the manufacturing abilities of that
The mixture burst into fierce flames, burning down their hut.
The Chinese kept developing their creation, not using their knowledge for war.
Playing with fire is dangerous.
To play with fire is dangerous, boys. You must stop playing with it.
He likes swimming. He doesn’t like to go to swim today.
Crying (To cry) will not help you out of the difficulty.哭并不能使你摆脱困境。
b. 作主语的不定式短语常常放在句末，而用it 替代它作形式主语。例如：
It is a pleasure to go sightseeing in the city.
It is possible for us to learn English well.
It seems good to have a drink now.
How does it feel to be home after twenty years?
It ’s annoying to miss a train.赶不上火车真烦人。
It costs them 500 dollars a year to run a car.使用一台小汽车每年花他们五百美元。
It makes her happy to see others enjoying themselves.
It surprised me to hear him say that.
It was expected of him to see the play.希望他去看剧。
It ’s reasonable for the OPEC countries to raise oil prices.石油输出国组织成员国提高
It is stupid of him to consent.他太蠢了，竟会同意。
※另要注意：“It is no use / no good…”, 和“There is no use / no good…”主语通
It ’s no use crying over split milk.后悔无益。
There is no good frightening them now.现在吓唬他们没有任何好处。
c. 当被否定时，常用不定式作主语，叫少使用动词“ing ”形式。
Not to have hope is the poorest of all conditions.最糟的莫过于没有希望。
Not being married is one of man’s most unfortunate conditions.
a. 主语是指示代词it,that,this 时，通常用“ing ”形式作表语。例如：
This was really carrying matters a little too far.事情真有点做得太过火了。
It ’s all their doing.这都是他们干的。
b. 主语是“ing ”短语形式时，表语也用“ing ”形式；主语是不定式时，表语也用不
定式。例如：Seeing is believing. / To see is to believe.
Paying them is only encouraging them.
Not to repent a fault is to justify it.不懊悔就是为错误辩解。
c. 主语是抽象名词如 aim, business, dream, duty, idea, intention, job, police, task, wish,
Today, the government policy is to encourage preservation of the cultural heritage.
His duty is to open the door of the classroom every morning.
d. 主语是what 引导的主语从句或all 后接定语从句，以及在“The + 序数词或形容词
最高级 + thing... + is +表语”结构中，表语用不定式短语充当。例如：
What I advise him to do is (to) write without affectation.
All they could do is (to) go back to the land.
The most interesting thing is to read books like this.
The first thing is to find the missing boy.
※ 在这类句型中，主语部分包括表意动词do 时，作表语的不定式可以不带to.
What we should do is study hard.
The first thing you have to do is turn to Page 1.
The most important thing for us to do is stay in good shape.
※ 注意：不定式短语作表语用来说明主语的具体内容，而“be + 不定式短
求、计划、可能等。例如：Part of your job, as a teacher, is to really
understand your students’ personal problems.
The President is to arrive in Rome at 3 o’clock this afternoon.
He is to stay here till we return.在我们回来之前他必须呆在这里。
If he is to succeed, he must work harder.他要取得成功，必须更加努力工作。
He was never to see his wife and family again.他再也见不到他的妻子儿女了。
He was to have left home at 9 o’clock. 他本来该九点种离开家。
a. 某些动词的直接宾语通常只能是不定式短语，如：beg, learn, threaten, wish, hope,
manage, ask, offer, promise, pretend, decide, expect, agree, determine, care, attempt, choose
More and more people are learning to drive cars.
His family can’t afford to send him to a university.
Mr. Smith offered to help us.
He refused to come to the party.
He pretended to be reading a book when the teacher came in.
b. 某些动词的直接宾语通常只能是动词“-ing ”短语形式，如：suggest, finish, avoid, stop,
mind, can’t help(禁不住) ， enjoy, leave off, require, postpone, put off, delay, practice, fancy,
excuse, pardon, advise, consider, deny, endure, escape, miss, allow, risk, can’t stand等。例
如： Hearing the words, she couldn’c. 大部分情况下，介词后面动词短语都用“-ing ”形式，只有在but, except (除了) 等少数
号to 。例如：look forward to, object to, devote…to, stick to, apply oneself to, be used to(习
惯于做某事) ，oppose to等。例如：
I don’t feel like eating anything today.
He insisted on doing it in his own way.
I have been looking forward to coming to Beijing for a long time.
They are all opposed / objected to putting the meeting off.
He has been used to living in the countryside.
I prefer staying at home to going to the cinema.
I couldn’t choose but tell the truth.(注意：在cannot but, can not choose but, cannot help but
这类短语后，以及在but 前面出现表意动词do 时，but 后的动词不定式不带to)
d. 某些复合宾语中经常用it 代替不定式短语作形式宾语而把不定式短语放到宾语补足语
之后。这类常用的及物动词有find, think, feel, consider, count, prove等，例如：
I count it an honor to serve you.为你服务我认为很荣幸。
He found it impossible to keep silent any longer.
We felt it difficult for us to learn English well.
e. 有些动词如advise, decide, discuss, forget, know, learn, show, teach, tell, wonder, find out
No one knew whom to trust. He learned how to ride a horse.
He taught us how to drive a car. Can you tell me what you want to buy?
f. 有些动词的直接宾语既可以是不定式也可以是动词“-ing ”短语形式，但有时在意义上和
语体上有一定区别。这类动词主要有：begin, start, cease, continue, dislike, dread, fear, intend,
forget, hate, like, love, neglect, prefer, remember, try, mean等。
※1. 动词forget, remember后动词“-ing ”通常表示过去已做过的动作，用不定式短语则表
示将来要做或还没有做的动作。例如：Don ’t forget to bring the cases.
I shall never forget seeing her stand on the balcony(阳台) of the palace.
I remember seeing her when she was a little girl.
I will remember to close the windows when I leave the classroom.
※2. 动词continue, dread, fear, intend, neglect后较多用不定式短语。例如：
He continued to live with his parents after his massage.
I dread to see him .我非常害怕见他。
I don’t intend to ask my father for anything.
※3. begin, start, cease后用动词“-ing ”短语形式表示一种有意识进行的动作，其余情况则
大多用不定式短语。例如：Suddenly it began to rain.
On his return to England he began studying law.
On account of the snow, the tramcars （电车）ceased running at eight o’clock.
The German Empire has ceased to exist.
※4. 动词hate, like, dislike, love, prefer等后用动词“-ing ”短语形式通常指一般情况（习惯
I hate sitting still. / I hate to think of that again.
I don’t like interrupting people. / I don’t like to interrupt him; he seems very busy.
※5. 动词try 后“-ing ”短语形式表示“做试验”，不定式短语则表示“打算做”。例如：
I tried standing on my head but it gave me a headache.
He tried hard to pass the exam, but failed.
※6. 动词mean 后用“-ing ”短语形式意思是“意味着”，用不定式短语则是“意欲做”。
The new order means working overtime.新订单一来，意味着加班加点。
I had meant to come earlier, but the traffic was too busy.
※7. 注意stop 后动词“-ing ”形式是宾语“停止正在做的事”，而不定式短语是目的状语“停
下来一件事去做另一件事。例如：He stopped reading books. / He stopped to read a book.
(4) 大部分“使……”的动词的“-ing ”形式及过去分词形式在现代英语中已用作形容词，“-ing ”
interest, disappoint, surprise, astonish, excite等。例如：
The novel is interesting. I am interested in it./ The book is moving. I am deeply moved.
2. 动词“-ing ”及不定式的复合结构
（1） 动词“-ing ”复合结构的构成：名词所有格 / 形容词性物主代词 / 通格名词 / 宾格
人称代词 + 动词“-ing ”短语，但作主语和表语时，一般只用“名词所有格 / 形容
词性物主代词 + 动词-ing 短语”。例如：
It ’ What ’(2) 不定式复合结构： for / of + sb. + to +do sth.
It ’s important for us to learn English well.
We think it necessary for us to master one or two foreign languages.
What we want is for you to understand the matter clearly.我们要求你对这件事情有清楚
※ 在“It ’s +adj +of sb. to do sth.”句式中，形容词是说明主语特征的, 常见的
有：careless, clever, foolish, good, nice, kind, right, silly, splendid, stupid,
It ’s very kind of you to take the trouble to help me.
(=You are very kind to take the trouble to help me.)
It ’s stupid of them not to follow your advice.
(=They were stupid not to follow your advice.)
a dancing teacher （=a teacher of dancing） 一个舞蹈老师
a dining table (=a table used for dining) 餐桌
a running competition(=a competition in running) 一场赛跑 a smiling boy (=a boy who is smiling) 一个微笑的男孩
the coming week (=the week that comes) 下周
running water (=water that runs) 流水； 自来水
a hunting dog (=a dog for hunting / a dog that hunts) 猎狗 a sewing machine 缝纫机
polluted air (=air that is polluted) 被污染的空气 the injured man 受伤的人
如：fallen leaves 落叶 an escaped prisoner 越狱犯
a grown man 长大的男子 the risen sun 升起的太阳
（2） 过去分词短语、动词“-ing ”短语、不定式短语作定语须放到所修饰的名词之后。过去分词短语表示被动和完成；动词“-ing ”短语表示所修饰名词正处于的状态或正在做的动作；不定式短语则表示将来，常常带有“必须；可能”的情态意义。例如：
①The man named Tom Smith will teach us English.
②The machine designed by Mr. Smith is very useful.
③Do you know the man standing under the tree?
④The birds singing in the trees filled the air with music.
⑤I have no time to examine the room.
⑥She was the only one to survive the crash .她是这次坠毁的唯一幸存者。
⑦Would you like something to drink?
⑧She has a little baby to take care of.
⑨We had a garden for the children to play in.
⑩Here is a charming little cottage to spend the summer in.
※注意：The building built last year is our school.去年建的房屋是我们的学校。
The building being built now is our new school.现在在建的房屋是我们的新学校。
（1）表示思维活动的动词如assume, believe, consider, count, hold, judge, know, presume, think 等，这些动词后的宾补如是“to be +名词或形容词”，to be可省略；但如是“to have been”，则不能省略。例如：
(2) 表示宣布类的动词如announce, declare, pronounce, report等。例如：
I don’(4) 表示爱憎的动词如dislike, hate, like, love, cannot bear等。例如：
Pa doesn’’ (5) 表示请求、允许和命令的动词如allow, ask, beg, command, order, permit, persuade, pray,
suffer 等。例如：I can’
职书。 (6) 表示致使的动词如cause, force, get, have, 等。例如：
Of course, if they want to go we can’※注意：（1）表示器官感觉的动词如feel, hear, notice, observe, perceive, see, watch, listen to, look at等；以及表示致使的动词如have, let, make等后动词不定式作宾补不带to. 例如： We can’我们不能让事情停留在那儿。
（2） 动词bid, find, help 等后不定式作宾补可带to 也可不带to .当help 的行为主体
不参加活动时常用带to 不定式短语。例如： 他叫她拿出勇气。 你绝不会看到她玩忽职责。
2） a. 在动词feel, hear, see, watch, notice, find, have, keep等之后常用动词“-ing ”短语作宾补，表示宾语所处于的状态或正从事的动作，与宾语之间也是意思上的主谓关系。而不定式短语常表示动作的全过程。例如：
We saw him come in and go upstairs. / We saw him coming in.
He had me waiting outside for a long time./ They kept the machine running all day long.
He had his hair cut yesterday. / He didn’t wish it mentioned.他不愿意提到这件事。
（1）非谓语动词短语作状语，和句子主语之间为逻辑上（意思上）的主谓关系。动词“-ing ”短语和不定式短语和主语之间为主动关系，过去分词短语和主语之间为被动关系。不定式短语一般作目的状语、结果状语等；动词“-ing ”形式一般作时间、原因、条件、让步、比较、方式、伴随、结果等状语；过去分词常作时间、原因、条件、方式和伴随等状语。例如：
He came here to see you. Seen from the hill, the village looks beautiful.
After waiting for a few minutes, he marched up the steps, closely followed by the children. 等了几分钟后，他走上台阶，孩子们紧紧跟在后面。
Arriving at the station, he found his train gone.
Knowing English well, he translated the article without a dictionary.
He sat in an armchair reading a newspaper.
Although living many miles away, he still attended the course.
※注意：作结果状语时，不定式短语常用于“„enough to„”, “so „as to„”, “too …to …”等结构中，如用到其它地方则表示出乎意料之外的结果。而动词“-ing ”短语则表示这一结果是由句子前半部分的原因导致的。例如：
He is old enough to join the army. He was too excited to say a word.
He lifted a stone, only to drop it on his own feet.
His parents died, leaving him an orphan.
(2) 分词作状语时，前面常加上某些从属连词如when, while, if, though, before, after等。
While staying in Beijing, he visited many places of interest.
After finishing the homework, he went out to play football.
(3) as if / as though + to do…常用来表示行为方式。而as if / as though + doing…则常表“把„„和„„相比”。例如：He raised his head as though to command silence.
He opened his lips as if to say something.
This was said as if thinking aloud.他说这句话就好像在出声地思索。
He raised his eyes and looked at her as though peering over the top of spectacles.
We are disappointed to learn that you could not come.
They were delighted to hear about your results in the exam.
I ’ll be glad to drive you home.
意思上的主语时，要在其前加上主语（一般为名词）。这种结构被称为独立主格结构。常见形式为：“名词+不定式短语/动词“-ing ”短语/过去分词短语/介词短语/形容词短语/单个副词”。不定式表将来；动词“-ing ”形式表状态或正在进行的动作；过去分词表被动和完成。这种结构在句中一般作状语，表示时间、原因、条件、方式和伴随状况等。不少情况下，这种结构前可以加上with. 例如：
All the work done, he went home.
Weather permitting, we will go out for a picnic.
With her to go with us, we’re sure to have a pleasant journey.
One morning he stood in front of the tank, his nose almost pressed to the glass.
He usually sleeps with the windows open.
The teacher came in with a book in his hand.
The square looks more beautiful with all the lights on.
With summer coming, the weather is becoming hotter and hotter.
His leg broken, he could not come to school as usual.
There being no time, he had to go to school without breakfast.
(=Because there was no time, he had to go to school without breakfast.)
※作状语的非谓语动词短语，表示时间、地点、条件、原因、让步、比较等可以变为相应的状语从句，方式和伴随状语则一般相当于并列谓语。试一试你能否把上面的例句变过来？ ※独立不定式：某些动词不定式或不定式短语在句中独立使用，作插入语。从句法上看，这些不定式同句子没有联系，常用逗号隔开，它们的逻辑主语一般也不是句子的主语；从意义上看，它们通常表示说话人的态度，或表示说话人对说话内容的解释或评价。可放在句首、句中或句末。常用的有to be honest, to be more precise, to be sincere, to be sure, to give him his due, to come back to what we were saying, to cut the long story short, needless to say, so to speak, to start with, to tell the truth等。例如：
To tell you the truth, I don’t know what the answer is.
In your own interests, Sir Robert, to say nothing of mine, you must not do that.
罗伯特爵士，姑且不谈我的利益，就是从你的利益出发，你也不应当干那件事。 He had, to give him his due, the appearance of an extraordinary fine gentleman.
As a world-famous screen character Chaplin had, needless to say, been the centre of much attention. 作为一个举世闻名的电影演员，不用说，卓别林自然是众人注视的中心。
Generally speaking, he didn’t like boys.
Considering his abilities, he should have done better.就他的能力而论，他本应当做得好些。 Judging from his appearance, he must be a very healthy boy.
（1） 联系动词be 表示处于某种状态和具有某种性质，可以同各种意义和形式的表语搭配。常见的表语形式有：名词（短语）、代词（人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、不定代词、疑问代词、连接代词）、形容词（包括某些转化为形容词的分词）、数词、介词短语、不定式（短语/结构）、动词“-ing ”（短语/结构）、过去分词（短语）、单个副词（in, off, on, out, over 等）、表语从句。请举出尽可能多的例句，并注意be 的时态形式变化。
（2） 状态联系动词如appear, feel, lie, look, remain, seem, taste, smell, stay, keep, continue, hold 等。
（3） 结果联系动词如become, come, fall, get, go, grow, run, turn, drop, wear, work等。 ※（2）、（3）两类里面以become/remain和表语的搭配力最强。其它动词的表语形式一般为形容词或某些已转化为形容词的分词。例如：
Jack was a soldier and became a famous actor.
He has become accustomed to his new duties.
He remains silent. / Lei Fen remained a revolutionary fighter to the end.
He remains to be a poor man.
※ “It looks/seems/appears as if/as though + 从句”为特殊句式。
注意：某些单及物动词如have, owe, take等要用先行的it 作形式宾语，在it 后面接that 从句作真正宾语。例如：He will have it that our plan is impracticable.
He owed it to his first teacher that he had a good pronunciation.
他把他的发音好归功于他的第一位老师。（多亏他的第一位老师的指导，他才能发音很正确） I take it (for granted) that he gives his consent.我认为他表示同意。
间接宾语前加for 或to, 放在直接宾语后面，是强调间宾。For 表示间接宾语是预定承受者；to 表示间接宾语是实际承受者。一般来说，动词bring, buy, cash, choose, cook, do, fetch, get, leave, make, order, paint, play, reach, save, spare等的间宾前用介词for 。动词accord, allot, award, bring, deny, do, give, grant, hand, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, permit, proffer, promise, read, refuse, return, sell, send, show, take, tell, throw, write等间宾前常用介词to 。
例如：He owes a lot of money to George.
He made a beautiful doll for his daughter.
※ 注意某些动词如answer, ask, envy, forgive, hear, save, strike, take等后面有两个宾语，一
Answer me this question. / I forgave her her faults.
但动词ask 后的指人的直宾前可用of ，放到指事物的直宾后。
I asked John a question. / I asked a question of John.
（2）表示任命和选举的动词如appoint, choose, designate, elect等。
（3）表示引起某种状态或结果的动词如bake, beat, break, burn, cut, drink, drive, dye, fling, heat, keep. knock, lay, leave, open, pack, paint, push, put, render, set, stain, tear, turn, wear, wipe, work等。
Her mother made her what she is.她母亲使她成为现在这样的人。
I found everything in good order.我发觉一切都井井有条。
I considered what he said of little importance.我认为他说的没有什么重要。
He had drunk all the officers under the table.他把所有的官员都灌醉了。
We found ourselves back in a village at the foot of the mountain.
I shall have the machine running by the time you get back.
I consider it something we must never do.我认为这是一件我们决不应该做的事。
What do you call it in English?
We stopped every three hours.我们每三个小时停下来休息一下。
She quietly sat down. / He didn’t like George and me very much..
But for John we would have lost the match. / We are enjoying ourselves in spite of the weather. / Arriving early, he found no one in the room.他到得很早，发觉房里没有人。
1.get: get into―陷入‖； off―下车‖； get on―上车‖； get off 下来 get over―克服‖ get in 进入 ； get up 起床 ； get on 相处 ； get along―与……相处‖； get away― 离开，脱身；逃掉‖； 2.look: look over检查， look after照看，照顾 ；look for寻找； look out当心 ， look into 调查； look through 浏览 ； look up 向上看,查找 ； look forward to―盼望‖； 3.take : take care of―照看；照料‖ take away―带走‖ take off―脱下；起飞‖ take out of―从……取出‖ take care―注意‖； take place―发生‖； take after―与（父母等）相像‖； take down表示取下； 4.up: clean up意为：清理； cut up―切碎‖； eat up―吃光‖， fix up ―修理‖， give up 放弃； pick up 捡起，拾起来； use up―用尽‖， set up―建立‖ show up―出现‖ put up―挂起‖； tidy up ―收拾整理‖， take up―占用‖； make up―组成,编造‖ hurry up快点 put up张贴,举起,举起,搭建, stay up―熬夜；不睡觉‖， wake up―叫醒，唤醒‖， 5.out: go out意为―出去‖， come out意为―出来；出版‖，look out意为―当心‖， put out扑灭 work out算出； run out意为―用完；结束‖ give out分发 set out ―动身；出发‖， hand out分发， help out帮助……摆脱困境， 6.turn: turn up 调高； turn down 调低； turn on 打开； turn off ―关闭‖， 7.away : put away ―收起来‖，take away―拿走‖ move away―搬走‖， get away ―离开‖ give away 赠送、分发， 8.off : get off 下车； set off出发、激起。 9.for : ask for―寻求，询问‖， send for―派人去请‖， wait for―等候，等待‖ 10.put : put off推迟； put down放下； put away收拾、整理 put out扑灭 put up―举起‖； put on 穿上； 11.give: give off意为―发出； 放出‖, give in意为―屈服‖，give out意为―分发，发送‖ 12.make: make sure of确定、确保，(一般后面跟名词或者动名词词组)， make sure确保、务必，可以跟从句，make a decision下决心，make plans做计划 13.on: try on.意为―试穿‖ ； put on―上演；穿上‖; keep on― 保持； turn on―打开‖； get on―上车‖； 14. come over to ―从远方(或克服障碍后)过来‖； come up with (=think up)―想出‖； 15.with: get on with ―相处‖ catch up with赶上，追上；逮捕；处罚； keep up with跟上，不落在……后面； come up with赶上；接近，想出，提出，提议 16. talk about―谈论‖； pay for意为―支付钱‖， care for 照料 show off―炫耀‖； agree with 同意； 17.put on意为―穿上‖，表示动作；wear意为―穿着‖，表示状态；put on和wear的宾语都是服 装。dress意为―穿着；打扮‖，其宾语为人 18.worry about 担心； laugh at 嘲笑； call in，来访 stay away from ―躲避；离……远点‖； drive out ―开车出去，驱逐‖； take over―接管‖ belong to ―属于‖ 2013年 ( )1. Thanks for your invitation, but I’m so sorry I can’t go. I need to ______ my baby at home. A. take away B. take off C. take care of D. take out of （2013广东广州） ( )2. Again and again the doctor ______ the crying baby girl, but he couldn’t find out what was wrong with her. A. looked over B. looked after C. looked for D. looked out(2013广东) ( )3. —So many problems! I’m tired.(2013山东滨州) — A. get into C. get on D. get over ( )4. —Why do you collect so many old bikes?(2013山东菏泽) —I'll have them ______and give away to the children who don't have bikes. A. used up B. given up C. fixed up D. set up ( )5. Many social workers went to Ya’an to help clean water and food to local people to reduce their pain from the earthquake.(2013江苏常州) A. put out B. come out C. work out D. give out ( )6. When he saw a wallet on the ground, he ______at once.(2013湖南益阳) A. picked it up B. gave it up C. picked up it ( )7.The boy is sleeping. Please _____the radio.(2013湖南益阳) A. turn up B. turn down C. turn on
( )8. —It’s everyone’s duty to join the Clean Your Plate Campaign. (2013湖北宜昌) —Sure. We should try to _______ all the food that we’ve ordered. A. give up B. eat up C. turn up D. show up ( )9. —What smells terrible? (2013湖北宜昌) —Sorry, I’ll _______ my shoes and wash them at once. A. put away B. take away C. move away D. get away ( )10. Here is the book. First _________ it and then tell me what you think of it. A. look into B. look through C. look up D. look after(2013湖北十堰) ( ) 11. —What kind of persons do you prefer to make friends with?（2013湖北十堰） —I choose my friends on their characters and how we __________. A. get in B. get up C. get on D. get off ( ) 12. —Dinner is ready. Help yourself! （2013湖北孝感） —Wow! It _______ delicious. You are really good at cooking A looks B sounds C tastes D feels ( ) 13. A student in Fudan University was killed by his roommate just because of small things in daily life. It is important for students to learn how to ________ each other. （2013山西） A. get on with B. come over to C. stay away from ( ) 14.If you want to buy this dress , you 'd better ______ first to make sure it fits you . A. pay for it. B. take it off. C. tidy it up . D. try it on.（2013山东聊城） ( )15. — Who's the most modest boy in your class? — Daniel. He never ________ in public. A. gets off B. takes off C. shows off D. turns off(2013江苏扬州) ( )16.David Burt’s dream in China is to go into the west and A. clean up B. look up C. give up D. set up(2013江苏盐城) ( )17.—I think I’ve got a bad cold, Doctor, Shall I take some medicine? — the virus. Just drink more water and rest. A. catch B. fight C. lose （2013江苏无锡） ( )18. — Mum, where are my socks? — Under your bed. You should ______ your things. A.put on B. put down C. put away（2013福建福州） ( )19. —Can I _______ your bike?（2013浙江宁波) —With pleasure. But you mustn’t _______ it to others. A. lend; borrow B. borrow; lend C. lend; lend D. borrow; borrow ( )20. Scientists are trying their best to _______ ways to treat the terrible disease called H7N9. A. come up with B. look forward to C. talk about D. give up(2013浙江宁波) ( )21. On the top of the hill ______ an ancient tower with a history of more than 1, 000 years. A. stood B. ran C. came D. lived(2013浙江丽水) ( )22. The child doesn’t need any help. He is old enough to ________ himself. A. put on B. wear C. dress D. take care (2013内蒙古呼和浩特) ( )23. We have to ___________ourselves when we are away from home. A. look at B. look for C. look up D. look after(2013辽宁鞍山) ( )24. — Mr Li, I can't understand everything in class.(2013江苏扬州) — Don't worry! I'll ________ the main points at the end. A. record B. review C. require D. remember ( )25. The great writer has written many stories for children. It is said that a new one will ______ at the end of this month.(2013浙江丽水) A. go out B. come out C. look out D. run out ( )26. I will meet Jane at the station, Please____________ what time she will arrive. A. count B. choose C. check D. catch(2013安徽) ( )27. One of the best ways for people to keep healthy is to_______ good eating habits. A. grow B. develop C. increase D. find (2013山东泰安) ( )28. —It’s hot today, isn’t it? —Yes, it is. Why not __________ your jacket? A. take care B. take place C. take after D. take off(2013山东济南) ( )29. —Alice, could you help me _______ the meat? I want to make some dumplings for dinner. —OK. I’ll do it right away.(2013山东济南) A. put up B. give up C. use up D. cut up ( )30. I really enjoy the noodles and vegetables. They __________ delicious. A. stay B. feel C. taste D. sound (2013山东济南) ( )31. —What can we do to ______bird flu from spreading?(2013福建泉州) —Try not to buy or eat chickens that have not been checked . A. prevent B. cause C. discover
( )the old and they often offer their seats to the old on buses. A. agree with B. worry about C. laugh at D. care for(2013湖北襄阳) ( )33. —Show me your homework, Dave? —it at home. A. missed B. forgotten C. lost D. left(2013湖北襄阳) ( )34. —in Jilin Province on June 3. Unfortunately, 119 people lost their lives. —I hope the accident like this won’t happen again.(2013湖北咸宁)
A. put down B. put away C. put out D. put up
( )35. –How does Jack usually go to work?(2013湖北随州) —He ______ drive a car, but now he ______ there to lose weight. A. used to; is used to walk B. was used to; is used to walking C. was used to; is used to walk D. used to; is used to walking ( )36the meeting till next week. A. take off B. get off C. put off D. set off(2013山东烟台) ( )37in Brazil.(2013山东临沂) A. take after B. take off C. take place D. take away ( )38. Mo Yan, a famous Chinese writer, won the Nobel Prize for literature at the end of the year 2012. We learn that success ______ the person with a never- give –up attitude. A. drives out B. takes over C. belongs to(2013黑龙江哈尔滨) ( )39. —Did you hear a terrible fire happened in the hotel near our school last night? —the fire.(2013湖北襄阳) A. put out B. put on D . put off ( )40. It usually Mum about half an hour to cook supper. A. pays B. takes C. spends D. costs(2013湖北荆州) ( )41.—it for me? — No problem. A.bring B. fetch C. take D. carry(2013湖北荆州) ( )42. — When are you going to for Shanghai? — Tomorrow morning. (2013湖北荆州) A. get off B. turn off C. take off D. set off ( )43. His leg is seriously injured in the accident. a doctor at once. A. Ask for B. Send for C. Wait for D. Look for（2013湖北荆州） ( )44. —Which hobby do you think______ the least time? —Collecting stamps. A.takes up B. puts up C. gives up D. makes up(2013湖北随州) ( )45.－I’m sorry, Mr Li. I my English homework at home. －Don’t forget(2013黑龙江齐齐哈尔) A. left, to bringB. forgot, to take C. lost, to bring ( )46(2013河北) A. take down B. turn up C. take away D. turn off ( )47. The heavy snow didn’t(2013广西南宁) A. pay attention to C. make a difference to D. keep to ( )48. My uncle is repairing some old bikes these days. He plans to ______ to charity. A. give them away B. give them up C. take them away D. pick them up (2013广东梅州) ( )49. —What’s wrong with you, Eric? You look tired.(2013江苏南京) — B. woke up C. stayed up D. put up ( )50. The company wants to _______ a school for the poor children.(2013 甘肃白银) A. put off B. set up C. call in D. look after ( )51. Daisy is such a good daughter that she _______ most of her spare time with her parents. A. spends B. costs C. takes D. affords(2013 甘肃白银) ( )52. — Would you please see the film Iron Man 3 with me tonight, Kate? — I'd love to, but I've ________ Linda's invitation to dinner.(2013江苏连云港) A. suffered B. earned C. received D. accepted ( )53. President Xi Jinping calls on Chinese people to ______ all the food each meal. A. eat up B. use up C. pick up D. cut up (2013四川宜宾) ( )54.—What do you think of the zongzi? (2013四川宜宾) —They ______ delicious. Are they made by your mother? A. sound B. taste C. feel D. look ( )55.My bike is broken. Could you help me to (2013山东烟台) A. fix it up B. set it up D. put it up
( )56. We’ll ___an English play ―Snow White‖ during this year’s Art Festival． (2013重庆) A. look up B．look out C．put off D．put on ( )57. —— Shall we go for a picnic tomorrow? —— Well, it all _______ the weather. A. belongs to B. happens to C .depends on D. concentrate on(2013 浙江湖州) ( )58 C. taking off D. getting off(2013 浙江衢州) ( )59. His family are worried about him because they haven't___letters from him for a long time. A. accepted B. received C. written D. collected(2013四川内江) ( )60. — Do you know why he didn't ______a word when he ______to? —Because he was too nervous.(2013山东青岛) A. speak, speaks B. say, was spoken C. say, spoke D. speak, is spoken ( )61. He ______ plenty of money to the people in the earthquake area ______. A. put out, to work out well B. handed out, help them out(2013山东青岛) C gave out, work out well D. gave away; to help them out ( )62. There aren’t many tickets left for the concert, you'd better ______that you get one today. A. make sure of B. make a decision C. make sure D. make plans(2013山东青岛) ( )63. She said she returned the book to the library. I’m sure she ______. A. takes B. is C. was D. did(2013山东青岛) ( )64. — You look sad. What has happened?(2013山东青岛) —Everyone ______ us to win the match, but we lost. A. expects B. expected C. hopes D. hoped ( )65. — How much is the ticket to Central Park?(2013山东青岛) —A one-way ticket ______ $40, and you can ______ another $20 for a round-trip. A. costs, pay B. cost, spend C. pay, spend D. spends, pay ( )66. — It is too noisy here. I can’t stand it.(2013黑龙江绥化) — Me, too. We have to ________ new ways to solve the problem. A. catch up with B. keep up with C. come up with ( )67. —Would you mind ______ the music a little? Don’t you think it’s too loud? —Sorry! I’ll do it in a minute.(2013浙江台州) A. turning on B. turning off C. turning up D. turning down ( )68.(2013四川遂宁) A. come out B. come true ( )69. Can you help me to _______ my dog when I leave for Hong Kong? A. look after B. look for C. look at D. look through(2013四川泸州) ( )70. —When will the plane _____Shanghai? —Sorry，I don’t know. A. get B. arrive at C. reach (2013四川广安) ( )71. It ______ me about 10 days ______ painting the walls.(2013湖北黄石) A. took; to finish B. cost; finishing C. took; finishing D. spent; to finish ( )72. I used to quarrel a lot with my parents, but now we ______ just fine together. A. get along B. get up C. get away D. get off(2013江苏苏州) ( )73. It seems that the aged people ________ the H7N9 more easily from the recent case. A. pick up B. mix up C. set up D. use up (2013湖北武汉) ( )74. —Is Kate serious? —I ________. She never means it. A. suppose B. agree C. believe D. wonder (2013湖北武汉) ( )75. —What does the instruction say? (2013湖北武汉) —The colors in the dress will _______ if you use hot water. A. fall B. appear C. run D. shine ( )76. Anna is going on a tour of Xi’an, and she wants to _____Chinese history. A. dream of B. learn about C. look through D. pass on (2013江西) ( )77. Speak slowly, Mr. Wang. I can’t (2013 湖北黄冈) A. understand B. hear C. listen D. expect ( )78. —I don’t know where to go this summer vacation.(2013 湖北黄冈) —Why not _____ visiting Huanggang? There are many places of interest there. A. suggest B. wonder C. consider D. regard ( )79. Diaoyu Islands _________China ever since ancient times.(2013山东潍坊) A. belong to B. belong in C. belong under D. belong with ( )80. ________ the teacher, I’ve made great progress.(2013黑龙江绥化) A. Thank you B. Thanks C. Thanks to
1. get a letter from sb. = hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 2. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 3. talk to sb. = talk with sb. 与某人谈话 4. arrive in Beijing = get to Beijing到达北京 5. take sb. to ... 带某人去……
6. raise the Chinese national flag 升中国国旗 7. write (a letter) to sb. 给某人写信
8. have a wonderful time = have a good time玩得很开心 9. would like to do sth. = want to do sth. 想要做某事 10. be kind / unkind to 对……友善 / 不友善 11. save ... from ... 挽救……以免于……
12. promise to do sth. 承诺做某事 13. keep ... from ... 保护……，使免受……
14. ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 15. cross the road 过马路
16. bring ... to ... 把……带来…… 17. read about ... 阅读与……有关的 18. take care of = look after 照顾；照看 19. tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人关于某事
20. send ... to ... 寄信给…… / 向……发送……
21. ride a bicycle 骑自行车 22. play badminton 打羽毛球 23.type letters 打信 24.deliver letters 送信 25.take notes 记笔记 26.catch fire 着火 27.tidy up 使……整齐 28.look for 寻找 29.take ... to ... 带……去…… 30.leave rubbish 扔垃圾 31.go out 出去 32.pick the flowers 摘花 33.move to 移动到
34.answer the phone 接电话 35.take turns 轮流 36.knock down 撞倒 37.run away 逃跑
38.tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人关于某事 39.make nests 做窝
40.use the telephone for help 用电话求助
41.go camping 去野营 42.roll a dice 掷骰子
43.read magazines 阅读杂志 44.stay healthy = keep healthy 保持健康 45.have a sore throat 喉咙痛 46.have a stomach-ache 胃痛 47.change bad habits 改掉坏习惯 48.watch less TV 少看点儿电视 49.used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 50.study hard 努力学习 51.raise money for 为……筹钱
52.ask sb. to do sth. 请某人做某事 53.like ... best 最喜欢……
54.hear from 收到……的来信 55.watch cartoons 看卡通片
56.prepare for = get ready for 为……做准备
57.have an international food festival 举办一次国际食品节58.have a barbecue 烧烤 59.take photographs 拍照 60.sing karaoke 唱卡拉OK
61.add ... to ... 把……加入……
62.write an e-mail to ... 给……写封电子邮件 63.write to sb. 写信给某人
64.give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人65.take away 拿走
66.look forward to doing sth. 期待做某事 67.play computer games 玩电脑游戏 68.play chess 下国际象棋 69.wait for 等候 70.talk about 谈论
71.get ... from ... 从……得到…… 72.catch fish 捕鱼
1. two and a half hours = two hours and a half两个半小时 2. an hour and half = one and a half hours一个半小时 3. at the end of August在八月底
4. in the north-west of Beijing在北京的西北 5. the Summer Palace颐和园 6. the Great Wall长城
7. the Palace Museum故宫博物院
8. in the centre of Beijing在北京的中心 9. more than = over 超过，多出
10. a trip to Beijing到北京的一次旅游
11. in many different ways 在许多方面；用许多不同的方式 12. for example 例如 13. far away from 远离 14. places of interest 名胜
15. at the end of 在……尽头 / 末尾 16. a lot of = lots of 许多
17.the same + n. + as 和……一样
18.both ... and ... 既……又…… + 动词复数 19.living room 客厅 20.next to 紧挨着
21.the Lis 李家 22.the Lis’ 李家的
23.once a week 一周一次
24.one of ... ……之一（+ 名词复数）25. an information sheet 信息单 26.soft drinks 软饮料
27.Chinese rice pudding 八宝饭 28.prawn cake 虾饼 29.hot dog 热狗 30.apple pie 苹果派
31.raisin scone 葡萄干烤饼 32.fish and chips 炸鱼薯条
33.pineapple fried rice 菠萝炒饭 34.not ... any longer = no longer 不再 35.too much（+不可数名词）太多 36.self-raising flour 自发面粉 37.shopping list 购物单 38.spring roll 春卷 39.of course 当然
40.too many（+可数名词） 太多
41.soya milk 豆浆，豆奶
42.would rather（+动词原形） 宁可 43.refrigerated truck 冷藏车
1.at work 在工作 2.in the suburbs 在郊区
3.in the city centre 在市中心 4.on a removal day 在搬家日
5.between ... and ... 在……和……之间 6.in front of 在……的前面
7.at the bottom of 在……的底部 8.at the party 在聚会上
9.at a frozen food factory 在冷冻食品厂 10.at a noodle factory 在面条厂 11.at a dairy 在乳制品公司 12.at a bakery 在面包店
13.for a long time 持续很长时间
专题九 动词短语 (排4页)
( )1. You should _______ smoking. It’s really bad for your health.
A. look up B. give up C. get up D. set up
( )2. The 18th Jiangsu Provincial Games will ______ in September. Many students want to be volunteers.
A. take place B. take part C. take action D. take care
( )3. -Hi. Why do you make the boy ____ at home?
-lt's not my will. He is ill.
A. stay B. to stay C. staying
( )4. It is surprising that you have___ that strange idea which can greatly encourage the
A. come up with B. got along with C. caught up with
( )5.—Oh, dear! Your room is untidy.
—Sorry, mom. I’ll __________.
A. set it up B. clean it up C. put it up D. look it up
( )6.It’s not the right time to argue about who should be blamed. We’d better and find a way out as soon as possible.
A.stay up B.give up C.calm down D.look down
( )7.I hope the train will arrive on time, but it’s my control.
A.within B.without C.under D.beyond
( )8．一Wow , so many coins here!
一Right!My father is fond of________coins.
A．collect B．collects C．collecting
( )9．一A child’s family background brings him or her a bright future．
一Not really . A study shows that reading for pleasure plays a more important _________.
A．part B．game C．joke
( )10．一British engineer，Tim Berners-Lee_______the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989． 一You’re right，and the World Wide Web is 25 years old this year．
A．caught up with B．got along with C．came up with
( )11.Doing sports at least one hour a day helps to ourselves .
A. build...up B. send...up C. pick...up
( )12.— May I play computer games now, Mom?
— No way. Don’t do that all the time. You mustyourself.
A. be proud of B. be similar to C. be strict with
( )13.My dad is going to Cuba. He will stay there for a week.
A. on show B. on business C. on sale
( )14.Zheng He, a Ming dynasty explorer, illness on his way back to China from Africa in
A. lived on B. tried out C. died of
( )15.In thousands of cities and towns, lightsfor Earth Hour Movement on March 29 this year.
A. stayed up B. went out C. tried on
( )16.When you are swimming, ________ your ears. You can use earplugs (耳塞) to stop water
getting into your ears.
A. take after B. take part in C. take off D. take care of
( )17.—I’m sorry, sir. I can’t finish the work on time.
— Never mind. ________, the work is quite difficult.
A. At least B. For instance C. After all D. First of all
( )18.–What do you _________ the Korean TV series My Love From Another Star?
–Pretty good. It is popular with many people.
A. care for B. hear about C. think of
( )19.–Would you be so kind as to _________ your music? I am preparing for
tomorrow’s speech. –Sure. Sorry to disturb you.
A. turn down B. turn up C. turn on
( )20. — We are supposed to well with our friends in our daily life.
— You are right. One finger cannot lift a small store.
A. hold on B. get on C. put on
( )21. — I haven’t seen you for a long time, Maria, You look different now.
— Yes, I used short hair.
A. to have B. to having C. for having
( )22. Mum wants to watch the CCTV news. Let’s ___________the TV.
A. turn down B. turn on C. turn off
( )23.- Another good idea! And we could each call up ten people and ask them to come.
- Hey, we’re ______ a lot of good ideas, aren’t we?
A. getting along with B. coming up with C. catching up with D. doing well in
( )24.- Tina, breakfast is ready. Dad cooked it for us.
- It can’t have been Father. He ______ early on Sundays.
A. always gets up B. often got up C. had got up D. never gets up
( )25. The old man was so_______ the good news that he couldn’t say a word.
A. interested in B. excited about C. afraid of D. worried about
( )26.—Don’t _______late, Mary. You have a singing competition tomorrow morning.
—OK, dad, I’ll go to bed right now.
A. dress up B. grow up C. stay up D. mix up
( )27.We should think of others if we want to ________them.
A. get on well with B. hear of C. get ready for D. hear from
( )28.—Let’s visit the sick children in hospital and ______.
—OK, let’s go.
A. put them up
B. set them up
C. fix them up
D. cheer them up
( ) 29. —Mom, I’m afraid I can’t win the competition.
—Believe in yourself, my boy, and tell yourself ______.
A. to give up B. not to give up
C. to give away D. not to give away
( )30.—Have they found the lost flight MH370?
—Not yet. I’m really ______ the people on the plane.
A. worried about B. angry with C. careful of D. afraid of
( )31. Don’t throw away the waste paper. It needs ________.
A. to recycle B. recycling C. recycle
( )32.— Everyone must __________ the security check (安检) before getting on the plane at the airport.
— Yes. It’s necessary to ensure the passengers’ safety.
A. get through B. get across C. go through D. go across
( )33.—The song Where did the time go ________ the old days and the love of family.
—Sure. It’s my favorite song.
A. helps us out B. reminds us of C. lets us down D. regards us as
( )34. I used to _______ with my wife and watch TV movies at home.
A. show up B. wake up C. come up D. stay up
( )35.--- Yesterday Tommy walked past my table and ______ my bowls and dishes.
--- He should be careful next time.
A. knocked off B. took off C. showed off D. turned off
( )36. - Do you know the latest information about Flight MH370?
- I've no idea. Let's ________ the TV to watch the news programme.
A. turn on B. turn down C. turn up D. turn off
( )37. Learning Chinese really________ my mind to the Chinese world.
A. called up B. turned up C. opened up D. made up
( )38. Recycling is good, so don't ______ bottles or newspapers.
A. find out B. hand in C. use up D. throw away
( )39. Everyone wants to win. But _____ me, the most important thing is to learn something
new and have fun.
A. as for B. thanks to C. instead of D. such as
( )40. Scientists say that banana trees may disappear(消失) from the world banana
A. because of B. instead of C. as for D. together with
( )41.--Are you going to Brazil to watch 2014 FIFA World Cup(2014世界杯足球赛) this
-- I’m not sure. It time.
A. depends on B. cares about C. agrees to D. finds out
( )42.CoCo Lee was born in Hong Kong but in America.
A. picked up B. gave up C. grew up D. dressed up
( )43.―Learning from Lei Feng Day‖ is only two weeks from now. We need to ________ a plan about it.
A. come up with B. put up C. call up D. set up
( )44. Oh, your shirt is the same_________.
A. as me B. with her C. with mine D. as hers
( )45. -What did Mr. Green say to his son? -He told him .
A. didn't smoke B. don't smoke C. not to smoke D. not smoke
( )46. I saw some boy students _ basketball when I passed the playground.
A. played B. plays C. playing D. to play
( )47.Dick _ in America, but he has been
A. used to live; used to eating B. is used to live; used to eat
C. is used to live; used to eating D. used to living; used to eat
( )48. Tom’s mother told him _______ eating too much meat.
A. stopping B. to stop C. stops D. stopped
( )49. — The World Cup is coming. I won’t _______ any game!
— I’m looking forward to _______ every match of it, too.
A. miss; to watch B. miss; watching
C. to miss; watch D. to miss; watched
( )50. You look tired. You’d better______ a good rest.
A. stop to have
46—50 CABBA B. stop having C. to stop to have D. to stop having